Prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis infection among underprivileged communities in rural Malaysia

Nabilah Amelia Mohammad, Hesham M. Al-Mekhlafi, Norhayati Moktar, Tengku Shahrul Anuar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis among underprivileged communities living in rural Malaysia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 253 participants aged between 1 and 85 years. Stool samples were examined using Wheatley's trichrome stain after in-vitro cultivation in Jones' medium to detect the presence of Blastocystis. Information pertaining to the demography, socioeconomic and environment were collected using pre-validated questionnaires. Results: The total prevalence of Blastocystis infection was 40.7%. The multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that age ≥15 years (OR = 2.72; 95% CI = 1.47-5.04) and presence of infected family members (OR = 8.56; 95% CI = 4.47-16.38) were the significant risk factors associated with blastocystosis in these communities. Conclusions: Blastocystosis is revealed through this study to be still prevalent among Orang Asli communities in rural Malaysia. The two main approaches that should be implemented by the public health authority in battling this infection would be the screening of other family members and giving treatment to the infected individuals. Moreover, it is imperative for health education on good personal and food hygiene practices are provided in order to reduce the morbidity and transmission of Blastocystis infection among the Orang Asli in their communities meaningfully.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 19 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Blastocystis Infections
Malaysia
Blastocystis
Rural Population
Hygiene
Health Education
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Demography
Morbidity
Food
Infection
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Blastocystis
  • Malaysia
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis infection among underprivileged communities in rural Malaysia. / Mohammad, Nabilah Amelia; Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M.; Moktar, Norhayati; Anuar, Tengku Shahrul.

In: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 19.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohammad, Nabilah Amelia ; Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M. ; Moktar, Norhayati ; Anuar, Tengku Shahrul. / Prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis infection among underprivileged communities in rural Malaysia. In: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2016.
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