Prevalence and predictors of osteoporosis among the Chinese population in Klang Valley, Malaysia

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Abstract

The prevalence of osteoporosis is forecasted to escalate in Malaysia with an increasing elderly population. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of osteoporosis among middle-aged and elderly Chinese Malaysians. Three hundred sixty seven Malaysian Chinese aged ≥40 years in Klang Valley, Malaysia, were recruited. All subjects completed a structured questionnaire comprised of demographic details, medical history, diet, and lifestyle practices. Body anthropometry and bone mineral density measurements were also performed. The relationship between bone health status and risk factors was determined using multivariate logistic regression. Fifteen-point-three percent of the overall study population and 32.6% of those aged ≥71 years had osteoporosis. The prevalence of osteoporosis among women (18.9%) was higher than men (11.5%). The significant predictors of osteoporosis were age, body weight, and low monthly income. Lean mass, low education level, and being underweight predicted osteoporosis in women. Lean mass was the only significant predictor of osteoporosis in men. Overall, 15.3% of the Malaysian Chinese aged ≥40 years from Klang Valley, Malaysia, had osteoporosis. Osteoporosis was associated positively with increased age and low monthly income and negatively with body weight. Therefore, osteoporosis preventive strategies targeting Chinese elderly from a low socioeconomic background is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1820
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

osteoporosis
Malaysia
valleys
Bone
Anthropometry
Nutrition
predictions
Minerals
Logistics
Education
Health
income
body weight
bones
anthropometry
diets
logistics
health
regression analysis
education

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Calcium
  • Exercise
  • Osteopenia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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title = "Prevalence and predictors of osteoporosis among the Chinese population in Klang Valley, Malaysia",
abstract = "The prevalence of osteoporosis is forecasted to escalate in Malaysia with an increasing elderly population. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of osteoporosis among middle-aged and elderly Chinese Malaysians. Three hundred sixty seven Malaysian Chinese aged ≥40 years in Klang Valley, Malaysia, were recruited. All subjects completed a structured questionnaire comprised of demographic details, medical history, diet, and lifestyle practices. Body anthropometry and bone mineral density measurements were also performed. The relationship between bone health status and risk factors was determined using multivariate logistic regression. Fifteen-point-three percent of the overall study population and 32.6{\%} of those aged ≥71 years had osteoporosis. The prevalence of osteoporosis among women (18.9{\%}) was higher than men (11.5{\%}). The significant predictors of osteoporosis were age, body weight, and low monthly income. Lean mass, low education level, and being underweight predicted osteoporosis in women. Lean mass was the only significant predictor of osteoporosis in men. Overall, 15.3{\%} of the Malaysian Chinese aged ≥40 years from Klang Valley, Malaysia, had osteoporosis. Osteoporosis was associated positively with increased age and low monthly income and negatively with body weight. Therefore, osteoporosis preventive strategies targeting Chinese elderly from a low socioeconomic background is necessary.",
keywords = "Bone mineral density, Calcium, Exercise, Osteopenia, Osteoporosis, Sex",
author = "Shaanthana Subramaniam and Chan, {Chin Yi} and Soelaiman, {Ima Nirwana} and Norazlina Mohamed and Norliza Muhammad and Fairus Ahmad and {Abd Manaf}, {Mohd Rizal} and Ng, {Pei Yuen} and {Jamil @ A. Wahab}, {Nor Aini} and {Kok Yong}, Chin",
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T1 - Prevalence and predictors of osteoporosis among the Chinese population in Klang Valley, Malaysia

AU - Subramaniam, Shaanthana

AU - Chan, Chin Yi

AU - Soelaiman, Ima Nirwana

AU - Mohamed, Norazlina

AU - Muhammad, Norliza

AU - Ahmad, Fairus

AU - Abd Manaf, Mohd Rizal

AU - Ng, Pei Yuen

AU - Jamil @ A. Wahab, Nor Aini

AU - Kok Yong, Chin

PY - 2019/5/1

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