Prevalence and predictors of low serum retinol and hypoalbuminaemia among children in rural Peninsular Malaysia

M. Hesham Al-Mekhlafi, `Azlin Muhammad @ Mohd Yasin, U. Nor Aini, A. Shaik, A. Sa'iah, Norhayati Moktar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vitamin A deficiency and malnutrition are still considered public health problems in rural areas of developing countries, including Malaysia. A cross-sectional exploration study was carried out on 281 Orang Asli (Aborigine) children aged between 2 and 15 years in Selangor, Malaysia. The overall prevalence of low serum retinol (<70 μmol/l) and hypoalbuminaemia (<35 g/l) were 25.2 and 7.8%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that severe ascariasis, significant stunting and giardiasis were significantly associated with low concentration of serum retinol. As well as intestinal parasitic infections, low socio-economic status was a significant predictor of hypoalbuminaemia. Logistic regression analysis identified severe ascariasis and significant stunting as predictors of low serum retinol, while mixed intestinal parasitic infection and low household income were predictors of hypoalbuminaemia. In conclusion, control measures for intestinal parasitic infections should be included as one of the strategies for the prevention and control of malnutrition and vitamin A deficiency in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1240
Number of pages8
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume101
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

Fingerprint

Hypoalbuminemia
Parasitic Diseases
Malaysia
Vitamin A
Growth Disorders
Ascariasis
Vitamin A Deficiency
Malnutrition
Serum
Giardiasis
Developing Countries
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Economics
Population

Keywords

  • Children
  • Hypoalbuminaemia
  • Intestinal parasitic infections
  • Malaysia
  • Serum retinol
  • Vitamin A deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Prevalence and predictors of low serum retinol and hypoalbuminaemia among children in rural Peninsular Malaysia. / Al-Mekhlafi, M. Hesham; Muhammad @ Mohd Yasin, `Azlin; Aini, U. Nor; Shaik, A.; Sa'iah, A.; Moktar, Norhayati.

In: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 101, No. 12, 12.2007, p. 1233-1240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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