Prevalence and associated factors of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in men with erectile dysfunction attending a primary care clinic

Yoke Lan Ng, Soo Huat Teoh, A. Rashid Mohd Radzniwan, Syahnaz Mohd Hashim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Undiagnosed glycaemic disorders remain a major health concern as in such cases the opportunity for early interventions that can potentially prevent complications is missed. Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been suggested as a predictor for glycaemic disorders in men. However, data on men with ED having undiagnosed glycaemic disorders is limited, especially in the Malaysian context. This study aimed to identify prevalence and associated factors of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in men with ED. Methods: We applied a cross-sectional purposive sampling technique on a group of 114 men with ED without underlying glycaemic disorders. They underwent a 2-h oral glucose tolerance test and the cases were then classified into two groups: normal and undiagnosed glycaemic disorders groups. The glycaemic disorders group consisted of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and impaired fasting glucose (IFG). The patients were interviewed, and their medical records were reviewed for their sociodemographic and clinical profiles. Results: Prevalence of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in men with ED was 41.2%. Higher age (adjusted OR = 1.10, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.17, p = 0.002) and BMI (adjusted OR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.29, p = 0.003) were found to be significantly associated with undiagnosed glycaemic disorders. Conclusion: This study found that men with ED had a high prevalence of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders. ED was associated with advancing age and higher BMI. Further research to validate the findings of this study is needed to increase the prevalence of DM screening among men with ED.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-94
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Taibah University Medical Sciences
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Erectile Dysfunction
Primary Health Care
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Intolerance
Glucose Tolerance Test
Medical Records
Fasting
Glucose
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Glycaemic disorders
  • Undiagnosed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Prevalence and associated factors of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in men with erectile dysfunction attending a primary care clinic. / Ng, Yoke Lan; Teoh, Soo Huat; Mohd Radzniwan, A. Rashid; Mohd Hashim, Syahnaz.

In: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.02.2019, p. 88-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objectives: Undiagnosed glycaemic disorders remain a major health concern as in such cases the opportunity for early interventions that can potentially prevent complications is missed. Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been suggested as a predictor for glycaemic disorders in men. However, data on men with ED having undiagnosed glycaemic disorders is limited, especially in the Malaysian context. This study aimed to identify prevalence and associated factors of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in men with ED. Methods: We applied a cross-sectional purposive sampling technique on a group of 114 men with ED without underlying glycaemic disorders. They underwent a 2-h oral glucose tolerance test and the cases were then classified into two groups: normal and undiagnosed glycaemic disorders groups. The glycaemic disorders group consisted of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and impaired fasting glucose (IFG). The patients were interviewed, and their medical records were reviewed for their sociodemographic and clinical profiles. Results: Prevalence of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in men with ED was 41.2{\%}. Higher age (adjusted OR = 1.10, 95{\%} CI: 1.03, 1.17, p = 0.002) and BMI (adjusted OR = 1.16, 95{\%} CI: 1.05, 1.29, p = 0.003) were found to be significantly associated with undiagnosed glycaemic disorders. Conclusion: This study found that men with ED had a high prevalence of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders. ED was associated with advancing age and higher BMI. Further research to validate the findings of this study is needed to increase the prevalence of DM screening among men with ED.",
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