Pretreatment conditions of palm oil mill effluent (POME) for thermophilic biohydrogen production by mixed culture

Safa Senan Mahmod, Jamaliah Md Jahim, Peer Mohamed Abdul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The availability of fermentable sugars in POME is one of the critical factors that determine the fermentative biohydrogen production yield. This study was carried out to determine the pretreatment conditions viz., temperature, hydrolysis time and acid concentration that can yield the highest monomeric sugars, to be utilized for production of biohydrogen from POME by mixed culture dark fermentation. Two different acids were used, nitric acid and phosphoric acid in the pretreatment of POME. Batch fermentation was performed to determine the potential of pretreated POME as a substrate for the production of biohydrogen under the tested pretreatment conditions. Higher hydrogen yield was successfully achieved using pretreated POME as compared to raw POME by mixed culture. Maximum hydrogen production was 0.181 (mmol/L/h), which corresponded to the yield of 1.24 mol H2/mol glucose achieved at 0.8% (w/v) phosphoric acid with initial total reducing sugar concentration of 18.47 g/L. Hence, the results implied that POME pretreated with 0.8% (w/v) phosphoric acid is a potential substrate for efficient biohydrogen fermentation yield that is 97% higher than untreated POME. While POME pretreated with 1% (w/v) of nitric acid showed 65% improvement in biohydrogen yield as compared to untreated POME. Therefore, the results implied that both pretreatment methods of POME showed significant increase in the biohydrogen production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27512-27522
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume42
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Palm oil
effluents
pretreatment
Effluents
oils
fermentation
phosphoric acid
Phosphoric acid
sugars
Sugars
Fermentation
nitric acid
Nitric acid
acids
Acids
hydrogen production
Substrates
Hydrogen production
glucose
availability

Keywords

  • Biohydrogen
  • Mixed culture
  • Nitric acid
  • Palm oil mill effluent
  • Phosphoric acid
  • Pretreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Pretreatment conditions of palm oil mill effluent (POME) for thermophilic biohydrogen production by mixed culture. / Mahmod, Safa Senan; Md Jahim, Jamaliah; Abdul, Peer Mohamed.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 42, No. 45, 2017, p. 27512-27522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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