Preparation of biodiesel from jatropha hybrid seed oil through two-step transesterification

A. K M Aminul Islam, Zahira Yaakob, Nurina Anuar, M. Osman, S. R P Primandari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seed oil of 15 jatropha hybrids along with their parents were converted into biodiesel through a two-step process: acid-catalyzed (H<inf>2</inf>SO<inf>4</inf>) esterification process followed by base-catalyzed (KOH) transesterification. A pre-esterification operation was applied to reduce free fatty acid content and increase the yield of biodiesel. The transesterification of seed oil yielded only 21 to 26% fatty acid methyl ester before acid pretreatment. Gas chromatography analysis after transesterification showed conversion to fatty acid methyl ester was achieved ≥90% for most of the oil samples. The biodiesel yield varied from 4.45 to 4.85 g/5 g oil among the hybrids. Oil to biodiesel conversion efficiency was observed to be ≥90% for most of the oil samples. After conversion biodiesel from all hybrids were characterized for their density, specific gravity, acid value, and iodine value. All of the biodiesels in this study have compatible properties with the international standards of EN 14214, DIN 51606, and ASTM D 6751-02 specifications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1550-1559
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects
Volume37
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2015

Fingerprint

Oilseeds
Transesterification
Biodiesel
Fatty acids
Esterification
Density (specific gravity)
Acids
Esters
Iodine
Gas chromatography
Conversion efficiency
Specifications
Oils

Keywords

  • acid pretreatment
  • alkyl ester
  • biodiesel
  • fatty acid methyl ester
  • high free fatty acid
  • jatropha oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Preparation of biodiesel from jatropha hybrid seed oil through two-step transesterification. / Aminul Islam, A. K M; Yaakob, Zahira; Anuar, Nurina; Osman, M.; Primandari, S. R P.

In: Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects, Vol. 37, No. 14, 18.07.2015, p. 1550-1559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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