Preparation and pre-characterization of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) / poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) (ENR/PVDF) thin film composite membrane

Norliyana Mod, Rizafizah Othaman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Epoxidised Natural Rubber (ENR) / Poly (Vinylidene Fluoride) (PVDF) (ENR/PVDF) (60:40 wt%) thin film composite membrane was prepared by using solution casting technique. The focuses of this paper are to prepare ENR/PVDF membrane with ratio of ENR to PVDF 60:40 wt%, and to study the effectiveness of treating Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) using the membrane. The prepared membrane was analyzed using optical microscope and the treatment of POME was investigated using dead-end stirred cell. Treated and untreated POME was analyzed to test the percentage of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal. Optical microscope micrographs showed that the surface of the membrane was slightly uneven. The rate of flux which passed through the membrane was 0.60 L/hm2. Both BOD and COD decreased by 23.6 % and 49.32 % respectively, after single treatment. This showed that the membrane can be used for POME treatment. The value of BOD and COD removal can be increased by recycling the treated POME for more than two cycles, which will be further studied by authors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1678
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2015
Event2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 15 Apr 201516 Apr 2015

Other

Other2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period15/4/1516/4/15

Fingerprint

vinylidene
rubber
fluorides
effluents
membranes
biochemical oxygen demand
preparation
composite materials
oils
thin films
optical microscopes
oxygen
recycling
cycles
cells

Keywords

  • epoxidised natural rubber (ENR)
  • palm oil mill effluent treatment
  • poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)
  • tetrahydrofuran (THF)
  • Thin film membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Mod, N., & Othaman, R. (2015). Preparation and pre-characterization of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) / poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) (ENR/PVDF) thin film composite membrane. In 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1678). [050018] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931297

Preparation and pre-characterization of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) / poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) (ENR/PVDF) thin film composite membrane. / Mod, Norliyana; Othaman, Rizafizah.

2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. 050018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Mod, N & Othaman, R 2015, Preparation and pre-characterization of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) / poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) (ENR/PVDF) thin film composite membrane. in 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1678, 050018, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015, Selangor, Malaysia, 15/4/15. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931297
Mod N, Othaman R. Preparation and pre-characterization of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) / poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) (ENR/PVDF) thin film composite membrane. In 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2015. 050018 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931297
Mod, Norliyana ; Othaman, Rizafizah. / Preparation and pre-characterization of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) / poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) (ENR/PVDF) thin film composite membrane. 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015.
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abstract = "Epoxidised Natural Rubber (ENR) / Poly (Vinylidene Fluoride) (PVDF) (ENR/PVDF) (60:40 wt{\%}) thin film composite membrane was prepared by using solution casting technique. The focuses of this paper are to prepare ENR/PVDF membrane with ratio of ENR to PVDF 60:40 wt{\%}, and to study the effectiveness of treating Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) using the membrane. The prepared membrane was analyzed using optical microscope and the treatment of POME was investigated using dead-end stirred cell. Treated and untreated POME was analyzed to test the percentage of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal. Optical microscope micrographs showed that the surface of the membrane was slightly uneven. The rate of flux which passed through the membrane was 0.60 L/hm2. Both BOD and COD decreased by 23.6 {\%} and 49.32 {\%} respectively, after single treatment. This showed that the membrane can be used for POME treatment. The value of BOD and COD removal can be increased by recycling the treated POME for more than two cycles, which will be further studied by authors.",
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