Preparation and evaluation of novel chitosan

gelrite ocular system containing besifloxacin for topical treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis: scintigraphy, ocular irritation and retention assessment

Ameeduzzafar, Syed Sarim Imam, Bukhari Syed Nasir Abbas, Asgar Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was aimed to prepare, characterize and evaluate in situ gel formulations based on a blend of chitosan (CS), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and gellan gum (Gelrite™) for a sustained ocular delivery of besifloxacin (BSF). The developed formulations were evaluated for physicochemical properties, gelation time (Tsol-gel), rheological behaviour, antimicrobial efficacy, pharmacokinetic assessment, gamma scintigraphy study and ocular irritation. The results showed BSF sol-gel system were found to be sensitive enough which underwent instantaneous phase transition upon getting physiological stimulation. The ex vivo permeation experiments indicated that the developed formulation was able to enhance the retention of BSF at corneal surface. The HET-CAM confirmed the non-irritancy of developed formulation and also demonstrated the ability of ocular protection against strongly irritant substances. The results of gamma scintigraphy study revealed the higher concentration of drug retains at the corneal surface. In addition, optimized BSF sol-gel system showed enhanced anti-bacterial activity compared to BSF suspension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalArtificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 13 Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bacterial Conjunctivitis
Chitosan
Radionuclide Imaging
Sol-gels
Gels
Pharmacokinetics
Polyvinyl alcohols
Computer aided manufacturing
Gelation
Permeation
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Phase transitions
Polyvinyl Alcohol
Irritants
Phase Transition
Experiments
Suspensions
7-(3-aminohexahydro-1H-azepin-1-yl)-8-chloro-1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid
gellan gum
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • besifloxacin
  • chitosan
  • gamma scintigraphy
  • Ocular delivery; in situ gel system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

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abstract = "This study was aimed to prepare, characterize and evaluate in situ gel formulations based on a blend of chitosan (CS), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and gellan gum (Gelrite™) for a sustained ocular delivery of besifloxacin (BSF). The developed formulations were evaluated for physicochemical properties, gelation time (Tsol-gel), rheological behaviour, antimicrobial efficacy, pharmacokinetic assessment, gamma scintigraphy study and ocular irritation. The results showed BSF sol-gel system were found to be sensitive enough which underwent instantaneous phase transition upon getting physiological stimulation. The ex vivo permeation experiments indicated that the developed formulation was able to enhance the retention of BSF at corneal surface. The HET-CAM confirmed the non-irritancy of developed formulation and also demonstrated the ability of ocular protection against strongly irritant substances. The results of gamma scintigraphy study revealed the higher concentration of drug retains at the corneal surface. In addition, optimized BSF sol-gel system showed enhanced anti-bacterial activity compared to BSF suspension.",
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AU - Syed Nasir Abbas, Bukhari

AU - Ali, Asgar

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N2 - This study was aimed to prepare, characterize and evaluate in situ gel formulations based on a blend of chitosan (CS), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and gellan gum (Gelrite™) for a sustained ocular delivery of besifloxacin (BSF). The developed formulations were evaluated for physicochemical properties, gelation time (Tsol-gel), rheological behaviour, antimicrobial efficacy, pharmacokinetic assessment, gamma scintigraphy study and ocular irritation. The results showed BSF sol-gel system were found to be sensitive enough which underwent instantaneous phase transition upon getting physiological stimulation. The ex vivo permeation experiments indicated that the developed formulation was able to enhance the retention of BSF at corneal surface. The HET-CAM confirmed the non-irritancy of developed formulation and also demonstrated the ability of ocular protection against strongly irritant substances. The results of gamma scintigraphy study revealed the higher concentration of drug retains at the corneal surface. In addition, optimized BSF sol-gel system showed enhanced anti-bacterial activity compared to BSF suspension.

AB - This study was aimed to prepare, characterize and evaluate in situ gel formulations based on a blend of chitosan (CS), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and gellan gum (Gelrite™) for a sustained ocular delivery of besifloxacin (BSF). The developed formulations were evaluated for physicochemical properties, gelation time (Tsol-gel), rheological behaviour, antimicrobial efficacy, pharmacokinetic assessment, gamma scintigraphy study and ocular irritation. The results showed BSF sol-gel system were found to be sensitive enough which underwent instantaneous phase transition upon getting physiological stimulation. The ex vivo permeation experiments indicated that the developed formulation was able to enhance the retention of BSF at corneal surface. The HET-CAM confirmed the non-irritancy of developed formulation and also demonstrated the ability of ocular protection against strongly irritant substances. The results of gamma scintigraphy study revealed the higher concentration of drug retains at the corneal surface. In addition, optimized BSF sol-gel system showed enhanced anti-bacterial activity compared to BSF suspension.

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