Preparation and characterizations of cassava starch nanocomposite reinforced kenaf

Siti Yasmine Zanariah Zainuddin, Ishak Ahmad, Hanieh Kargarzadeh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this research is to prepare biodegradable plastics which are made from the natural materials. In this study, solution casting technique is used to prepare the cassava starch nanocomposite reinforced kenaf. Prior to that, kenaf fibers undergo alkali and bleaching treatments in order to prepare the cellulose. Nanocellulose which used as reinforcing nanoparticle in the composites was then prepared by acid hydrolysis of obtained cellulose with 65% sulphuric acid. The preparation of cassava starch biocomposites was done using the mixture of sorbitol/glycerol (1:1) with various cellulose loading (0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10%). Finer size of cellulose is examined from the transmissions electron microscopy (TEM) analysis with diameter of 9-23 nm and length of 102-225 nm recorded. As for field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) analysis, good dispersion and strong interaction between starch and cellulose had been observed for the nanocomposite films. These contribute for enhancement in the mechanical performance which demonstrated improvement of all nanocomposite films compared to the neat matrix with 6 % cellulose composition showed the highest tensile stress value of 6.1 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
Pages348-352
Number of pages5
Volume545
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event2nd International Conference on the Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology, ICAMN II 2010 - Kuala Lumpur
Duration: 29 Nov 20101 Dec 2010

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume545
ISSN (Print)10226680

Other

Other2nd International Conference on the Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology, ICAMN II 2010
CityKuala Lumpur
Period29/11/101/12/10

Fingerprint

Starch
Cellulose
Nanocomposites
Nanocomposite films
Kenaf fibers
Acids
Bleaching
Glycerol
Tensile stress
Field emission
Hydrolysis
Casting
Electron microscopes
Plastics
Nanoparticles
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning
Composite materials
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Cassava Starch
  • Kenaf
  • Morphology
  • Nanocellulose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Zainuddin, S. Y. Z., Ahmad, I., & Kargarzadeh, H. (2012). Preparation and characterizations of cassava starch nanocomposite reinforced kenaf. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 545, pp. 348-352). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 545). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.545.348

Preparation and characterizations of cassava starch nanocomposite reinforced kenaf. / Zainuddin, Siti Yasmine Zanariah; Ahmad, Ishak; Kargarzadeh, Hanieh.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 545 2012. p. 348-352 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 545).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zainuddin, SYZ, Ahmad, I & Kargarzadeh, H 2012, Preparation and characterizations of cassava starch nanocomposite reinforced kenaf. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 545, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 545, pp. 348-352, 2nd International Conference on the Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology, ICAMN II 2010, Kuala Lumpur, 29/11/10. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.545.348
Zainuddin SYZ, Ahmad I, Kargarzadeh H. Preparation and characterizations of cassava starch nanocomposite reinforced kenaf. In Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 545. 2012. p. 348-352. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.545.348
Zainuddin, Siti Yasmine Zanariah ; Ahmad, Ishak ; Kargarzadeh, Hanieh. / Preparation and characterizations of cassava starch nanocomposite reinforced kenaf. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 545 2012. pp. 348-352 (Advanced Materials Research).
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