Preparation and characterization of oil palm frond based cellulose hydrogel and its swelling properties

Nesha Selvakumaran, Mohamad Azwani Shah Mat Lazim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Malaysia is one of the largest producer of palm oil thus the quantity of biomass each year from this industry is very large. The oil palm frond from palm oil industry can be used as a source of cellulose which can be incorporated into hydrogel to be used as adsorbent. This research reported how to disperse 2 % cellulose in a 'green-solution' prepared by using urea and sodium hydroxide. Polymerization is carried out between the monomers polyacrylamide and cellulose using microwave to form hydrogel. Hydrogel with 2 % cellulose have a swelling index of 1814 %. Meanwhile, zero hydrogel which is made with only polyacrylamide has swelling index of 15 %. Scanning electron microscope shows that cellulose hydrogel have a rough surface compared with zero hydrogel. This might attribute to the high swelling index for cellulose hydrogel compared with zero hydrogel. Meanwhile, FTIR shows that successful polymerization has occurred between polyacrylamide and cellulose with the characteristic band at 1657.99 cm-1 which is for N-H bond.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1784
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2016
Event2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Apr 201614 Apr 2016

Other

Other2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period13/4/1614/4/16

Fingerprint

cellulose
swelling
oils
preparation
polymerization
industries
Malaysia
sodium hydroxides
biomass
adsorbents
ureas
hydroxides
monomers
electron microscopes
microwaves
scanning

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Hydrogel
  • Microwave
  • Oil palm frond

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Selvakumaran, N., & Mat Lazim, M. A. S. (2016). Preparation and characterization of oil palm frond based cellulose hydrogel and its swelling properties. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1784). [030018] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966756

Preparation and characterization of oil palm frond based cellulose hydrogel and its swelling properties. / Selvakumaran, Nesha; Mat Lazim, Mohamad Azwani Shah.

2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 030018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Selvakumaran, N & Mat Lazim, MAS 2016, Preparation and characterization of oil palm frond based cellulose hydrogel and its swelling properties. in 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1784, 030018, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016, Selangor, Malaysia, 13/4/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966756
Selvakumaran N, Mat Lazim MAS. Preparation and characterization of oil palm frond based cellulose hydrogel and its swelling properties. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 030018 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966756
Selvakumaran, Nesha ; Mat Lazim, Mohamad Azwani Shah. / Preparation and characterization of oil palm frond based cellulose hydrogel and its swelling properties. 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
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AB - Malaysia is one of the largest producer of palm oil thus the quantity of biomass each year from this industry is very large. The oil palm frond from palm oil industry can be used as a source of cellulose which can be incorporated into hydrogel to be used as adsorbent. This research reported how to disperse 2 % cellulose in a 'green-solution' prepared by using urea and sodium hydroxide. Polymerization is carried out between the monomers polyacrylamide and cellulose using microwave to form hydrogel. Hydrogel with 2 % cellulose have a swelling index of 1814 %. Meanwhile, zero hydrogel which is made with only polyacrylamide has swelling index of 15 %. Scanning electron microscope shows that cellulose hydrogel have a rough surface compared with zero hydrogel. This might attribute to the high swelling index for cellulose hydrogel compared with zero hydrogel. Meanwhile, FTIR shows that successful polymerization has occurred between polyacrylamide and cellulose with the characteristic band at 1657.99 cm-1 which is for N-H bond.

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