Preparation and characterization of graphene/turbostratic carbon derived from chitosan film for supercapacitor electrodes

M. F.Y.M. Hanappi, Mohamad Deraman, M. Suleman, Mohd. Amir Radhi Othman, N. H. Basri, N. S.M. Nor, E. Hamdan, N. E.S. Sazali, N. S.M. Tajuddin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Electrochemical capacitors or supercapacitors are the potential energy storage devices which are known for having higher specific capacitance and specific energy than electrolytic capacitors. Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) also referred as ultracapacitors is a class of supercapacitors that employ different forms of carbon like activated carbon, CNT, graphene etc., as electrodes. The performance of the supercapacitors is determined by its components namely electrolyte, electrode, etc. Carbon electrodes with high surface area and desired pore size distribution are always preferred and which can be tailored by varying the precursor and method of preparation. In recent years, owing to their low cost, ease of synthesis, high stability and conductivity, the activated carbons derived from biomass precursors have been investigated as potential electrode material for the EDLCs. In this report, we present the preparation and characterization of graphene/turbostratic carbon monolith (CM) electrodes from the carbon grains (CGs) obtained by carbonization (under the flow of nitrogen, N2 gas and over a temperature range from 600°C to 1000°C) of biomass precursor chitosan film. The procedure to prepare the chitosan film is described elsewhere. The carbon grains are characterized using Raman spectroscopy (RS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). We expect that the CGs would have the similar characteristics as graphene and would be a potential electrode material for EDLCs application.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1940
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018
Event2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Jul 201713 Jul 2017

Other

Other2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period12/7/1713/7/17

Fingerprint

electrochemical capacitors
graphene
preparation
electrodes
carbon
activated carbon
electrode materials
biomass
carbonization
energy storage
capacitors
Raman spectroscopy
capacitance
potential energy
carbon nanotubes
electrolytes
porosity
nitrogen
conductivity
synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Hanappi, M. F. Y. M., Deraman, M., Suleman, M., Othman, M. A. R., Basri, N. H., Nor, N. S. M., ... Tajuddin, N. S. M. (2018). Preparation and characterization of graphene/turbostratic carbon derived from chitosan film for supercapacitor electrodes. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1940). [020013] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027928

Preparation and characterization of graphene/turbostratic carbon derived from chitosan film for supercapacitor electrodes. / Hanappi, M. F.Y.M.; Deraman, Mohamad; Suleman, M.; Othman, Mohd. Amir Radhi; Basri, N. H.; Nor, N. S.M.; Hamdan, E.; Sazali, N. E.S.; Tajuddin, N. S.M.

2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020013.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hanappi, MFYM, Deraman, M, Suleman, M, Othman, MAR, Basri, NH, Nor, NSM, Hamdan, E, Sazali, NES & Tajuddin, NSM 2018, Preparation and characterization of graphene/turbostratic carbon derived from chitosan film for supercapacitor electrodes. in 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1940, 020013, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 12/7/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027928
Hanappi MFYM, Deraman M, Suleman M, Othman MAR, Basri NH, Nor NSM et al. Preparation and characterization of graphene/turbostratic carbon derived from chitosan film for supercapacitor electrodes. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020013 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027928
Hanappi, M. F.Y.M. ; Deraman, Mohamad ; Suleman, M. ; Othman, Mohd. Amir Radhi ; Basri, N. H. ; Nor, N. S.M. ; Hamdan, E. ; Sazali, N. E.S. ; Tajuddin, N. S.M. / Preparation and characterization of graphene/turbostratic carbon derived from chitosan film for supercapacitor electrodes. 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
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