Preparation and characterisation of epoxidised natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride/rice husk (ENR/PVC/RH) thin film composite by solution casting technique

Norfarhana Abdul Samad, Rizafizah Othaman, Ibrahim Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epoxidised natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride (ENR/PVC) thin film composite membrane was prepared by using solution casting technique. Tetrahydrofuran (THF) and rice husk (RH) were respectively used as solvent and reinforcing filler. Effects of RH loadings (0, 1, 2 and 5% wt/wt) in the casting solution on morphology and mechanical properties of the ENR/PVC thin films were investigated. The mechanical and morphological properties of the membranes were analysed in relation to the amount of RH added to the composites by using universal testing machine (UTM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Increasing of RH loading in ENR/PVC blends resulted in reduction of tensile strength but increased the tensile modulus. The morphologies analysis showed the number of pores increased with the increasing wt % of RH. The addition of RH caused the development of pores in the thin film and the number increased with the amount added. Thus, the role of RH was not only as reinforcing filler but also as pore former for the ENR/PVC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Rubber
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl chlorides
Casting
Thin films
Composite materials
Fillers
Composite membranes
Tensile strength
Elastic moduli
Membranes
Mechanical properties
Scanning electron microscopy
Testing

Keywords

  • Casting technique
  • Composite
  • ENR/PVC
  • Epoxidised natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride
  • RH
  • Rice husk
  • Thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Preparation and characterisation of epoxidised natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride/rice husk (ENR/PVC/RH) thin film composite by solution casting technique",
abstract = "Epoxidised natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride (ENR/PVC) thin film composite membrane was prepared by using solution casting technique. Tetrahydrofuran (THF) and rice husk (RH) were respectively used as solvent and reinforcing filler. Effects of RH loadings (0, 1, 2 and 5{\%} wt/wt) in the casting solution on morphology and mechanical properties of the ENR/PVC thin films were investigated. The mechanical and morphological properties of the membranes were analysed in relation to the amount of RH added to the composites by using universal testing machine (UTM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Increasing of RH loading in ENR/PVC blends resulted in reduction of tensile strength but increased the tensile modulus. The morphologies analysis showed the number of pores increased with the increasing wt {\%} of RH. The addition of RH caused the development of pores in the thin film and the number increased with the amount added. Thus, the role of RH was not only as reinforcing filler but also as pore former for the ENR/PVC.",
keywords = "Casting technique, Composite, ENR/PVC, Epoxidised natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride, RH, Rice husk, Thin film",
author = "Samad, {Norfarhana Abdul} and Rizafizah Othaman and Ibrahim Abdullah",
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AU - Samad, Norfarhana Abdul

AU - Othaman, Rizafizah

AU - Abdullah, Ibrahim

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Epoxidised natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride (ENR/PVC) thin film composite membrane was prepared by using solution casting technique. Tetrahydrofuran (THF) and rice husk (RH) were respectively used as solvent and reinforcing filler. Effects of RH loadings (0, 1, 2 and 5% wt/wt) in the casting solution on morphology and mechanical properties of the ENR/PVC thin films were investigated. The mechanical and morphological properties of the membranes were analysed in relation to the amount of RH added to the composites by using universal testing machine (UTM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Increasing of RH loading in ENR/PVC blends resulted in reduction of tensile strength but increased the tensile modulus. The morphologies analysis showed the number of pores increased with the increasing wt % of RH. The addition of RH caused the development of pores in the thin film and the number increased with the amount added. Thus, the role of RH was not only as reinforcing filler but also as pore former for the ENR/PVC.

AB - Epoxidised natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride (ENR/PVC) thin film composite membrane was prepared by using solution casting technique. Tetrahydrofuran (THF) and rice husk (RH) were respectively used as solvent and reinforcing filler. Effects of RH loadings (0, 1, 2 and 5% wt/wt) in the casting solution on morphology and mechanical properties of the ENR/PVC thin films were investigated. The mechanical and morphological properties of the membranes were analysed in relation to the amount of RH added to the composites by using universal testing machine (UTM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Increasing of RH loading in ENR/PVC blends resulted in reduction of tensile strength but increased the tensile modulus. The morphologies analysis showed the number of pores increased with the increasing wt % of RH. The addition of RH caused the development of pores in the thin film and the number increased with the amount added. Thus, the role of RH was not only as reinforcing filler but also as pore former for the ENR/PVC.

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KW - Thin film

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