Preliminary test of phytoremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soil using paspalum vaginatum sw

Salmi Nur Ain Sanusi, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, Mushrifah Idris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phytoremediation is a process which utilizes plants to remove contaminants from the environment. It is the latest alternative to recovery technique. In this research, sand with contaminated petroleum hydrocarbon was remediated. The usefulness of phytoremediation to enhance the degradation of organic contaminants has been extensively researched in recent years. Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid with widely different composition and complexity. Because of the complexity, diesel was chosen as a model contaminant to represent petroleum hydrocarbon. The plant used in this research is Paspalum vaginatum Sw. This plant is a local plant and in poaceae family. The preliminary test was conducted to observe whether this plant could survive at what level of diesel contaminant. The experiment was performed in a greenhouse for 28 days. The plants were planted in 8 pots with 3 kg sand and different diesel concentration. The diesel concentrations in this experiment were 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 g diesel/kg sand and another pot with no contaminant as a control. The observation was made three times a week. The plants were also watered using tap water to ensure the plants could grow. After 28 days of observation, the plant species had shown that it could grow and survive in pots with concentrations of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 g diesel/kg sand. From this preliminary test, Paspalum vaginatum Sw. showed its initial ability to treat sand with contaminated petroleum hydrocarbon. As a conclusion, Paspalum vaginatum Sw. has the potential in the phytoremediation process of hydrocarbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-42
Number of pages4
JournalAustralian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
Volume6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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phytoremediation
hydrocarbon
diesel
petroleum hydrocarbon
sand
pollutant
test
contaminated soil
experiment
petroleum
degradation
liquid

Keywords

  • Diesel
  • Paspalum vaginatum sw
  • Petroleum hydrocarbon
  • Phytoremediation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Preliminary test of phytoremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soil using paspalum vaginatum sw. / Sanusi, Salmi Nur Ain; Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah; Idris, Mushrifah.

In: Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 39-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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