Preliminary study on analysis of the Chemical compositions and characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) in Malaysia

C. H. Nurul Hazirah, Masturah Markom, Osman Hassan, Jamaliah Md Jahim, Shuhaida Harun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is the most important crop of Malaysia. Malaysia can be considered as the world's largest producer and exporter of crude palm oil. The objectives of this work are to analyze and investigate the chemical compositions and the characterization of empty fruit bunches. The chemical compositions of EFB are analyzed using National Renewable Energy Laboratory method. Milled empty fruit bunches submitted to different treatments are characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, carbon-hydrogen-nitrogen analyzer (CHN), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), and surface morphology. Chemical compositions which are analyzed include glucan, xylan, arabinan, extractive, ash and lignin contents. The compositions of EFB are determined in two forms which are extractive free sample and native whole sample. The results obtained show that extractive free sample has higher glucan and xylan contents which are 37.8% and 20.5% as compared with whole native sample which are 34.3% and 19.7% respectively. However, the contents of arabinan and lignin of extractive free sample which are 1.5% and 21.8% are much lower than whole native sample which are 2% and 28.7% respectively. The ash content for both samples is 5.2%. The result for extractive analysis of extractive free sample is 15%. The basic functional groups and elements which present in EFB are obtained by FTIR and CHN analysis respectively. TGA analysis curve shows the decomposition of EFB peak value at 312.5°C. The morphology study of EFB carried out using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) shows a roughness surface.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages204-208
Number of pages5
Volume970
ISBN (Print)9783038350927
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event1st International Conference on Science and Engineering of Materials, ICoSEM 2013 - Kuala Lumpur
Duration: 13 Nov 201314 Nov 2013

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume970
ISSN (Print)10226680
ISSN (Electronic)16628985

Other

Other1st International Conference on Science and Engineering of Materials, ICoSEM 2013
CityKuala Lumpur
Period13/11/1314/11/13

Fingerprint

Fruits
Ashes
Chemical analysis
Palm oil
Lignin
Thermogravimetric analysis
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Carbon
Functional groups
Crops
Surface morphology
Surface roughness
Spectroscopy
Decomposition
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Biohydrogen
  • Chemical composition
  • Empty fruit bunches
  • Fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Nurul Hazirah, C. H., Markom, M., Hassan, O., Md Jahim, J., & Harun, S. (2014). Preliminary study on analysis of the Chemical compositions and characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) in Malaysia. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 970, pp. 204-208). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 970). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.970.204

Preliminary study on analysis of the Chemical compositions and characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) in Malaysia. / Nurul Hazirah, C. H.; Markom, Masturah; Hassan, Osman; Md Jahim, Jamaliah; Harun, Shuhaida.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 970 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2014. p. 204-208 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 970).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nurul Hazirah, CH, Markom, M, Hassan, O, Md Jahim, J & Harun, S 2014, Preliminary study on analysis of the Chemical compositions and characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) in Malaysia. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 970, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 970, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 204-208, 1st International Conference on Science and Engineering of Materials, ICoSEM 2013, Kuala Lumpur, 13/11/13. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.970.204
Nurul Hazirah CH, Markom M, Hassan O, Md Jahim J, Harun S. Preliminary study on analysis of the Chemical compositions and characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) in Malaysia. In Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 970. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2014. p. 204-208. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.970.204
Nurul Hazirah, C. H. ; Markom, Masturah ; Hassan, Osman ; Md Jahim, Jamaliah ; Harun, Shuhaida. / Preliminary study on analysis of the Chemical compositions and characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) in Malaysia. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 970 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2014. pp. 204-208 (Advanced Materials Research).
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abstract = "Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is the most important crop of Malaysia. Malaysia can be considered as the world's largest producer and exporter of crude palm oil. The objectives of this work are to analyze and investigate the chemical compositions and the characterization of empty fruit bunches. The chemical compositions of EFB are analyzed using National Renewable Energy Laboratory method. Milled empty fruit bunches submitted to different treatments are characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, carbon-hydrogen-nitrogen analyzer (CHN), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), and surface morphology. Chemical compositions which are analyzed include glucan, xylan, arabinan, extractive, ash and lignin contents. The compositions of EFB are determined in two forms which are extractive free sample and native whole sample. The results obtained show that extractive free sample has higher glucan and xylan contents which are 37.8{\%} and 20.5{\%} as compared with whole native sample which are 34.3{\%} and 19.7{\%} respectively. However, the contents of arabinan and lignin of extractive free sample which are 1.5{\%} and 21.8{\%} are much lower than whole native sample which are 2{\%} and 28.7{\%} respectively. The ash content for both samples is 5.2{\%}. The result for extractive analysis of extractive free sample is 15{\%}. The basic functional groups and elements which present in EFB are obtained by FTIR and CHN analysis respectively. TGA analysis curve shows the decomposition of EFB peak value at 312.5°C. The morphology study of EFB carried out using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) shows a roughness surface.",
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