Preliminary studies on Acalypha indica

Proximate analysis and phytochemical screening

Nurul Nadia Mohd Nazri, Norazlanshah Hazali, Muhammad Ibrahim, Mashita Masri, Mohd. Khan Ayob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the proximate composition and phytochemicals content of Acalypha indica. Methods: The dried samples of root, leaves, stem and whole plant were analysed for protein, total fat, ash, moisture, water activity and crude fibre according to guideline by Association of Official Analytical Chemist. The phytochemicals content were based on standard method. Results: The proximate analysis showed that the leaves contain the highest moisture (9.49%), ash (12.83%) and protein (23.98%). The root contains the highest carbohydrate (76.33%), crude fibre (42.05%) and gross energy (1453.94 kJ) content. The root also showed the lowest total fat (0.54+0.17%) and water activity (0.51+0.00 Aw). Besides that, the secondary metabolite such as alkaloid was identified in dried whole plant while tannin was detected in dried leaves and dried whole plant. The triterpenes, steroid and flavonoids were a presence in all samples analysed. Conclusion: The present of nutrition and phytochemicals support the traditional use of Acalypha indica as an alternative treatment for curing certain health conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-408
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Phytochemicals
Fats
Plant Stems
Triterpenes
Water
Tannins
Alkaloids
Flavonoids
Proteins
Steroids
Carbohydrates
Guidelines
Health
Acalypha

Keywords

  • Acalypha indica
  • Medicinal herbs
  • Phytochemicals
  • Proximate analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Preliminary studies on Acalypha indica : Proximate analysis and phytochemical screening. / Nazri, Nurul Nadia Mohd; Hazali, Norazlanshah; Ibrahim, Muhammad; Masri, Mashita; Ayob, Mohd. Khan.

In: International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2016, p. 406-408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nazri, Nurul Nadia Mohd ; Hazali, Norazlanshah ; Ibrahim, Muhammad ; Masri, Mashita ; Ayob, Mohd. Khan. / Preliminary studies on Acalypha indica : Proximate analysis and phytochemical screening. In: International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 406-408.
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