Preliminary observations of necrophagous dipteran activities and a new host record of parasitoids on a high-rise building

Chong Chin Heo, Baha Latif, Hiromu Kurahashi, Siew Hwa Tan, Wai Kian Chew, Wasi Ahmad Nazni, Baharudin Omar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A preliminary study on the ecological activities of necrophagous Diptera on a high-rise building in Malaysia was conducted from April to August 2010. Fresh chicken livers (approximately 500 g) serving as bait were placed on the rooftop (101.6 m from the ground). Three replicates were carried out, each replicate lasting 30 days with daily observations and fly sampling. Maggots found in the bait were collected at random: some were preserved in 70% ethanol while the others were reared to the adult stage. Results showed that the flies arrived on the bait between 8 hours and 3 days after placement. The oriental latrine blow fly Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae) was the first to reach this altitude, followed by the scuttle fly Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) and the flesh fly Liopygia ruficornis (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). The larvae of Chrysomya megacephala were first recovered from the bait. However, they were succeeded by sarcophagid larvae. The predominant sarcophagid larvae were then raised to the adult stage and the resulting adults were identified as Parasarcophaga dux. The other sarcophagid pupae were either parasitized by hymenopteran parasitoids or dead. We recorded two species of parasitoids emerging from Liopygia ruficornis pupae: Exoristobia philippinensis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and Dirhinus himalayanus (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae). Liopygia ruficornis is recorded as a new host for these parasitoids for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-180
Number of pages16
JournalPolish Journal of Entomology
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

new host records
parasitoids
Sarcophaga ruficornis
bait
baits
Chrysomya megacephala
Sarcophagidae
pupa
larva
Calliphoridae
Fannia scalaris
pupae
larvae
Megaselia scalaris
Megaselia abdita
Hymenoptera
Chalcididae
Sarcophaga
Phoridae
Encyrtidae

Keywords

  • Carrion flies
  • Dirhinus himalayanus
  • Exoristobia philippinensis
  • High-rise building
  • Liopygia ruficornis
  • Malaysia
  • New host record

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Preliminary observations of necrophagous dipteran activities and a new host record of parasitoids on a high-rise building. / Heo, Chong Chin; Latif, Baha; Kurahashi, Hiromu; Tan, Siew Hwa; Chew, Wai Kian; Nazni, Wasi Ahmad; Omar, Baharudin.

In: Polish Journal of Entomology, Vol. 86, No. 2, 01.06.2017, p. 165-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heo, Chong Chin ; Latif, Baha ; Kurahashi, Hiromu ; Tan, Siew Hwa ; Chew, Wai Kian ; Nazni, Wasi Ahmad ; Omar, Baharudin. / Preliminary observations of necrophagous dipteran activities and a new host record of parasitoids on a high-rise building. In: Polish Journal of Entomology. 2017 ; Vol. 86, No. 2. pp. 165-180.
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