Predictors of quality of life in renal transplant recipients

Rizna Abdul Cader, Rozita Mohd, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Rafidah Mamat, Norhayati Arrifin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The presence of end stage renal disease (ESRD) has a negative impact on patients' quality of life (QOL). Renal transplantation is well-recognized to provide a better QOL than other modalities of renal replacement therapy. Objectives: To evaluate the QOL in our renal transplant recipients and to determine the factors that influencesitatour institution Design: Cross-sectional observational study Setting: Universiti Kebangsaan Hospital, Malaysia Subjects: Renal transplant recipients between 18 and 75 years who have been transplanted more than one year Main Outcome Measure(s): QOL was assessed using the Short Form-36 questionnaire that has been validated in the Malay language Results: Thirty nine patients (29 male, 10 female) were enrolled. The SF-36 scores were physical functioning (47.85 ± 6.93), role physical functioning (49.51 ± 11.08), general health (51.43 ± 6.22), vitality (60.53 ± 6.61), social functioning (50.85 ± 9.26), mental health (55.74 ± 7.16), bodily pain (58.55 ± 7.51), role emotional functioning (49.09 ± 12.01), physical component summary (49.37 ± 6.87) and mental component summary (55.23 ± 6.66). Predictors of QOL were education (p < 0.001), serum albumin (p = 0.017) and hemoglobin (p = 0.02). Increasing age negatively impacted physical functioning (p = 0.029). We also found those who received a commercial transplant had a lower mental health compared to those done locally (p = 0.031). Conclusion: Predictors of QOL in our renal transplant cohort were age, education, serum albumin and hemoglobin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-328
Number of pages5
JournalKuwait Medical Journal
Volume45
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Fingerprint

Quality of Life
Kidney
Serum Albumin
Mental Health
Hemoglobins
Transplants
Education
Renal Replacement Therapy
Malaysia
Kidney Transplantation
Chronic Kidney Failure
Observational Studies
Transplant Recipients
Language
Cross-Sectional Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pain
Health

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Education
  • QOL
  • Short form health survey SF-36

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Predictors of quality of life in renal transplant recipients. / Abdul Cader, Rizna; Mohd, Rozita; Abdul Gafor, Abdul Halim; Mamat, Rafidah; Arrifin, Norhayati.

In: Kuwait Medical Journal, Vol. 45, No. 4, 12.2013, p. 324-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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