Predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. Methods: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic data and medical history were obtained from the medical records. Questionnaires were used during the in-person semistructured interviews, which were conducted in the wards. Linear regression analyses were used to determine the predictors of each domain of quality of life. Results: Multiple regression analysis showed that activities of daily living, depression, and appetite were the determinants of physical health domain of quality of life (R2=0.633, F(3, 67)=38.462; P,0.001), whereas depression and instrumental activities of daily living contributed to 55.8% of the variability in psychological domain (R2=0.558, F(2, 68)=42.953; P,0.001). Social support and cognitive status were the determinants of social relationship (R2=0.539, F(2, 68)=39.763; P,0.001) and also for the environmental domain of the quality of life (R2=0.496, F(2, 68)=33.403; P,0.001). Conclusion: The findings indicated different predictors for each domain in the quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus. Nutritional, functional, and psycho­logical aspects should be incorporated into rehabilitation support programs prior to discharge in order to improve patients’ quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1455-1461
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2016

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Geriatrics
Diabetes Mellitus
Quality of Life
Activities of Daily Living
Regression Analysis
Depression
Psychology
Malaysia
Appetite
Social Support
Medical Records
Linear Models
Rehabilitation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews
Health
Population

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Geriatric
  • Hospitalized
  • Quality of life
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

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title = "Predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge",
abstract = "Purpose: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. Methods: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic data and medical history were obtained from the medical records. Questionnaires were used during the in-person semistructured interviews, which were conducted in the wards. Linear regression analyses were used to determine the predictors of each domain of quality of life. Results: Multiple regression analysis showed that activities of daily living, depression, and appetite were the determinants of physical health domain of quality of life (R2=0.633, F(3, 67)=38.462; P,0.001), whereas depression and instrumental activities of daily living contributed to 55.8{\%} of the variability in psychological domain (R2=0.558, F(2, 68)=42.953; P,0.001). Social support and cognitive status were the determinants of social relationship (R2=0.539, F(2, 68)=39.763; P,0.001) and also for the environmental domain of the quality of life (R2=0.496, F(2, 68)=33.403; P,0.001). Conclusion: The findings indicated different predictors for each domain in the quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus. Nutritional, functional, and psycho­logical aspects should be incorporated into rehabilitation support programs prior to discharge in order to improve patients’ quality of life.",
keywords = "Diabetes mellitus, Geriatric, Hospitalized, Quality of life, Rehabilitation",
author = "Nuruljannah Johari and {Abdul Manaf}, Zahara and Norhayati Ibrahim and Suzana Shahar and Norlaila Mustafa",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
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doi = "10.2147/CIA.S105652",
language = "English",
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pages = "1455--1461",
journal = "Clinical Interventions in Aging",
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publisher = "Dove Medical Press Ltd.",

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T1 - Predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge

AU - Johari, Nuruljannah

AU - Abdul Manaf, Zahara

AU - Ibrahim, Norhayati

AU - Shahar, Suzana

AU - Mustafa, Norlaila

PY - 2016/10/17

Y1 - 2016/10/17

N2 - Purpose: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. Methods: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic data and medical history were obtained from the medical records. Questionnaires were used during the in-person semistructured interviews, which were conducted in the wards. Linear regression analyses were used to determine the predictors of each domain of quality of life. Results: Multiple regression analysis showed that activities of daily living, depression, and appetite were the determinants of physical health domain of quality of life (R2=0.633, F(3, 67)=38.462; P,0.001), whereas depression and instrumental activities of daily living contributed to 55.8% of the variability in psychological domain (R2=0.558, F(2, 68)=42.953; P,0.001). Social support and cognitive status were the determinants of social relationship (R2=0.539, F(2, 68)=39.763; P,0.001) and also for the environmental domain of the quality of life (R2=0.496, F(2, 68)=33.403; P,0.001). Conclusion: The findings indicated different predictors for each domain in the quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus. Nutritional, functional, and psycho­logical aspects should be incorporated into rehabilitation support programs prior to discharge in order to improve patients’ quality of life.

AB - Purpose: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. Methods: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic data and medical history were obtained from the medical records. Questionnaires were used during the in-person semistructured interviews, which were conducted in the wards. Linear regression analyses were used to determine the predictors of each domain of quality of life. Results: Multiple regression analysis showed that activities of daily living, depression, and appetite were the determinants of physical health domain of quality of life (R2=0.633, F(3, 67)=38.462; P,0.001), whereas depression and instrumental activities of daily living contributed to 55.8% of the variability in psychological domain (R2=0.558, F(2, 68)=42.953; P,0.001). Social support and cognitive status were the determinants of social relationship (R2=0.539, F(2, 68)=39.763; P,0.001) and also for the environmental domain of the quality of life (R2=0.496, F(2, 68)=33.403; P,0.001). Conclusion: The findings indicated different predictors for each domain in the quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus. Nutritional, functional, and psycho­logical aspects should be incorporated into rehabilitation support programs prior to discharge in order to improve patients’ quality of life.

KW - Diabetes mellitus

KW - Geriatric

KW - Hospitalized

KW - Quality of life

KW - Rehabilitation

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