Predictors of 3-month abstinence in smokers attending stop-smoking clinics in Malaysia

Lei Hum Wee, Robert West, Awang Bulgiba, Lion Shahab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Much is known about the predictors of success in quitting smoking. In particular, nicotine dependence, but not strength of motivation to stop, appears to predict abstinence. However, to date, studies have come almost exclusively from Western countries. More data are needed on the cross-cultural generalizability of these findings. Methods: One hundred and ninety-eight smokers attending 5 stop-smoking clinics in Malaysia completed a questionnaire prior to their target quit date and were followed up 3 months after this date. Predictors included sociodemographic variables, smoking patterns, past history of quitting, characteristics of current quit attempt, and smoking motives as well as nicotine dependence (Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence [FTND]) and self-rated strength of motivation of stop. Results: At 3-month follow-up, 35.4% (95% CI: 28.7-42.0) of participants reported being abstinent. A backward elimination multiple logistic regression identified a number of significant predictors of success, including strength of motivation to stop (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 3.05, 95% CI: 1.28-7.25). FTND did not predict success. Conclusions: Motivation and nicotine dependence may play different roles in explaining variation in ability to stop smoking in different cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use Disorder
Malaysia
Smoking
Motivation
Aptitude
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Predictors of 3-month abstinence in smokers attending stop-smoking clinics in Malaysia. / Wee, Lei Hum; West, Robert; Bulgiba, Awang; Shahab, Lion.

In: Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2011, p. 151-156.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wee, Lei Hum ; West, Robert ; Bulgiba, Awang ; Shahab, Lion. / Predictors of 3-month abstinence in smokers attending stop-smoking clinics in Malaysia. In: Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 2011 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 151-156.
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