Prediction of cutting force for milling of Inconel 718 under cryogenic condition by response surface methodology

Nurul Hayati Abdul Halim, Che Hassan Che Haron, Jaharah A Ghani, Muammar Faiq Azhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to identify the influence of different cutting parameters on cutting force under cryogenic cooling assistance, this paper presents an experimental investigation on the influence by high-speed milling Inconel 718 using carbide coated ball nose milling inserts. For Design of Experiment (DOE), Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with 29 experiments was applied to accommodate 4 factors; cutting speed: 120-140 m/min, feed rate: 0.15-0.25 mm/tooth, axial depth of cut: 0.3-0.7 mm, and radial depth of cut: 0.2-0.6 mm at three levels each. The milling process was performed under a CO2 cryogenic environment using a new design of cryogenic controlling system for consistent and efficient cooling effect at the cutting zone. The experimental results found the forces varied from as low as 112 N up to a maximum of 452 N. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) confirmed the axial depth of cut as the dominant factor influencing the cutting forces followed by the interaction between feed rate and radial depth of cut. The forces were significantly increased with the axial depth of cut due to the increase of the size of cut by the insert. Meanwhile, the developed statistical equation model reported an average error of 4.72% between the predicted and actual cutting forces. With 95.28% of confidence level, this confirms the adequacy of the predictive model to be used within the range of the investigated parameters. Thereby, the numerical optimization suggested parameters of Vc: 140 m/min, fz: 0.25 mm/tooth, ap: 0.3 mm, and ae: 0.21 mm to be applied to achieve a cutting force as low as 117.72 N. The correlation between the cutting forces along with tool wear progress and pattern was also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Mechanical Engineering
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Milling (machining)
Cryogenics
Cooling
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Design of experiments
Carbides
Wear of materials

Keywords

  • Coated Tungsten Carbide
  • Cryogenic Machining
  • Inconel 718
  • Milling
  • Response Surface Methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Prediction of cutting force for milling of Inconel 718 under cryogenic condition by response surface methodology. / Halim, Nurul Hayati Abdul; Che Haron, Che Hassan; A Ghani, Jaharah; Azhar, Muammar Faiq.

In: Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 16, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In order to identify the influence of different cutting parameters on cutting force under cryogenic cooling assistance, this paper presents an experimental investigation on the influence by high-speed milling Inconel 718 using carbide coated ball nose milling inserts. For Design of Experiment (DOE), Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with 29 experiments was applied to accommodate 4 factors; cutting speed: 120-140 m/min, feed rate: 0.15-0.25 mm/tooth, axial depth of cut: 0.3-0.7 mm, and radial depth of cut: 0.2-0.6 mm at three levels each. The milling process was performed under a CO2 cryogenic environment using a new design of cryogenic controlling system for consistent and efficient cooling effect at the cutting zone. The experimental results found the forces varied from as low as 112 N up to a maximum of 452 N. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) confirmed the axial depth of cut as the dominant factor influencing the cutting forces followed by the interaction between feed rate and radial depth of cut. The forces were significantly increased with the axial depth of cut due to the increase of the size of cut by the insert. Meanwhile, the developed statistical equation model reported an average error of 4.72{\%} between the predicted and actual cutting forces. With 95.28{\%} of confidence level, this confirms the adequacy of the predictive model to be used within the range of the investigated parameters. Thereby, the numerical optimization suggested parameters of Vc: 140 m/min, fz: 0.25 mm/tooth, ap: 0.3 mm, and ae: 0.21 mm to be applied to achieve a cutting force as low as 117.72 N. The correlation between the cutting forces along with tool wear progress and pattern was also discussed.",
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AB - In order to identify the influence of different cutting parameters on cutting force under cryogenic cooling assistance, this paper presents an experimental investigation on the influence by high-speed milling Inconel 718 using carbide coated ball nose milling inserts. For Design of Experiment (DOE), Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with 29 experiments was applied to accommodate 4 factors; cutting speed: 120-140 m/min, feed rate: 0.15-0.25 mm/tooth, axial depth of cut: 0.3-0.7 mm, and radial depth of cut: 0.2-0.6 mm at three levels each. The milling process was performed under a CO2 cryogenic environment using a new design of cryogenic controlling system for consistent and efficient cooling effect at the cutting zone. The experimental results found the forces varied from as low as 112 N up to a maximum of 452 N. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) confirmed the axial depth of cut as the dominant factor influencing the cutting forces followed by the interaction between feed rate and radial depth of cut. The forces were significantly increased with the axial depth of cut due to the increase of the size of cut by the insert. Meanwhile, the developed statistical equation model reported an average error of 4.72% between the predicted and actual cutting forces. With 95.28% of confidence level, this confirms the adequacy of the predictive model to be used within the range of the investigated parameters. Thereby, the numerical optimization suggested parameters of Vc: 140 m/min, fz: 0.25 mm/tooth, ap: 0.3 mm, and ae: 0.21 mm to be applied to achieve a cutting force as low as 117.72 N. The correlation between the cutting forces along with tool wear progress and pattern was also discussed.

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