Poverty mapping and assessing the relationship between poverty and socio-demographic characteristics of households

A study in Kelantan, Malaysia

Chamhuri Siwar, Ferdoushi Ahmed, Siti Zalikha Zahari, Nor Diana Mohd Idris, Md Shahin Mia, Ahmad Bashawir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Objective: Though the Malaysian economy experienced a large reduction in the incidence of poverty during the last few decades, the rate of poverty is still high in several states of the country. This study aims to estimate the poverty rate at smaller areas such as districts in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia through poverty mapping. The study also examines the association of poverty status of the households with their socio-demographic characteristics in the state. Methodology: The data were obtained from the Implementation and Coordination Unit (ICU), Malaysia which collected the information through household survey in the 10 districts in Kelantan from 2008-2011. Summary descriptive statistics were applied to analyze socio-demographic characteristics of the surveyed households. The ArcGIS 10 was used for poverty mapping to show spatial distribution of poverty. It was found that majority of the households in each district of the state are trapped in poverty (either hard-core poor, poor or vulnerable to poverty). However, a significantly lower portion (on average, 5%) of the households in each district is hard-core poor. The rural areas of the state experience higher incidences of poverty as compared to urban locality. Results: It was also found that majority (on average, 55%) of the households from each ethnic group are vulnerable to poverty. Similarly, the greatest portion of the households from each group of occupation are poor and vulnerable to poverty (on averge, 81% on a collective basis). Conclusion: The findings of this study provide an insight about poverty statistics at smaller area and socio-demographic distribution of the poor households which might be helpful in identifying priority areas and targeting anti-poverty programmes to minimize the incidence of poverty at district, state as well as national level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-416
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Technology
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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poverty
household
household survey
ethnic group
targeting
occupation
rural area
spatial distribution

Keywords

  • Households
  • Kelantan
  • Malaysia
  • Poverty mapping
  • Poverty status
  • Socio-demographic characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Poverty mapping and assessing the relationship between poverty and socio-demographic characteristics of households : A study in Kelantan, Malaysia. / Siwar, Chamhuri; Ahmed, Ferdoushi; Zahari, Siti Zalikha; Idris, Nor Diana Mohd; Mia, Md Shahin; Bashawir, Ahmad.

In: Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 6, 2016, p. 407-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Siwar, Chamhuri ; Ahmed, Ferdoushi ; Zahari, Siti Zalikha ; Idris, Nor Diana Mohd ; Mia, Md Shahin ; Bashawir, Ahmad. / Poverty mapping and assessing the relationship between poverty and socio-demographic characteristics of households : A study in Kelantan, Malaysia. In: Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 6. pp. 407-416.
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abstract = "Background and Objective: Though the Malaysian economy experienced a large reduction in the incidence of poverty during the last few decades, the rate of poverty is still high in several states of the country. This study aims to estimate the poverty rate at smaller areas such as districts in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia through poverty mapping. The study also examines the association of poverty status of the households with their socio-demographic characteristics in the state. Methodology: The data were obtained from the Implementation and Coordination Unit (ICU), Malaysia which collected the information through household survey in the 10 districts in Kelantan from 2008-2011. Summary descriptive statistics were applied to analyze socio-demographic characteristics of the surveyed households. The ArcGIS 10 was used for poverty mapping to show spatial distribution of poverty. It was found that majority of the households in each district of the state are trapped in poverty (either hard-core poor, poor or vulnerable to poverty). However, a significantly lower portion (on average, 5{\%}) of the households in each district is hard-core poor. The rural areas of the state experience higher incidences of poverty as compared to urban locality. Results: It was also found that majority (on average, 55{\%}) of the households from each ethnic group are vulnerable to poverty. Similarly, the greatest portion of the households from each group of occupation are poor and vulnerable to poverty (on averge, 81{\%} on a collective basis). Conclusion: The findings of this study provide an insight about poverty statistics at smaller area and socio-demographic distribution of the poor households which might be helpful in identifying priority areas and targeting anti-poverty programmes to minimize the incidence of poverty at district, state as well as national level.",
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