Potential uses of Jatropha curcas

M. Moniruzzaman, Parul Akhtar, Zahira Yaakob, A. K M Aminul Islam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The member of eupherbiaceae family, Jatropha is being explored as multi dimensional prospective plant. It has social, agricultural, environmental, industrial, pharmaceutical and energy production potentials. Jatropha seed cake, compost from debris and slurry from biogas plant are good sources of soil nutrition. Protein from seed cake can be utilized as animal feed. As a plant Jatropha can assimilate CO2 from climate and it can also be used as bio adsorbent of heavy metal from effluents. Protein, lignin and other products of Jatropha can substitute the hazard synthetic chemicals of polymers production. Seed oil have been using in soap, dying and cosmetic industry from long before. Extract from Jatropha leaf, bark posses biological active compounds that have medicinal potentials. Jatropha is more familiar as energy crop. It provides energy in the form of firewood, seed oil as lamp, cooking and engine fuel directly. Biodiesel the chemical conversion of seed oil can be used directly or blend with fossil diesel with modified or conventional engine. However, presence of toxic substances (pherbol ester) renders its utilization as therapeutic agents and animal feed. High viscosity of seed oil and biodiesel is the hurdle to use. More importantly, poor yield in field condition than expectation is the main barrier to be commercialized of Jatropha cultivation. It needs to extensive and systematic screening of available germplasoms and application of biotechnology for the development of high yielding cultivar, agronomic practice and crop management for maximum yield, biochemical engineering for the improvement of biodiesel quality and finally customization of engine according to fuel properties.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJatropha Curcas: Biology, Cultivation and Potential Uses
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages45-96
Number of pages52
ISBN (Print)9781634831123, 9781634830898
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Jatropha
Jatropha curcas
Seeds
Biofuels
seed oils
Oils
biodiesel
engines
Soil
Soaps
high-yielding varieties
soaps
Lignin
Poisons
Practice Management
energy crops
energy
fuelwood
adsorbents
Cooking

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Biodiesel
  • Cosmetics
  • Energy
  • Medicine
  • Physic nut

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Moniruzzaman, M., Akhtar, P., Yaakob, Z., & Aminul Islam, A. K. M. (2015). Potential uses of Jatropha curcas. In Jatropha Curcas: Biology, Cultivation and Potential Uses (pp. 45-96). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

Potential uses of Jatropha curcas. / Moniruzzaman, M.; Akhtar, Parul; Yaakob, Zahira; Aminul Islam, A. K M.

Jatropha Curcas: Biology, Cultivation and Potential Uses. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2015. p. 45-96.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Moniruzzaman, M, Akhtar, P, Yaakob, Z & Aminul Islam, AKM 2015, Potential uses of Jatropha curcas. in Jatropha Curcas: Biology, Cultivation and Potential Uses. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 45-96.
Moniruzzaman M, Akhtar P, Yaakob Z, Aminul Islam AKM. Potential uses of Jatropha curcas. In Jatropha Curcas: Biology, Cultivation and Potential Uses. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2015. p. 45-96
Moniruzzaman, M. ; Akhtar, Parul ; Yaakob, Zahira ; Aminul Islam, A. K M. / Potential uses of Jatropha curcas. Jatropha Curcas: Biology, Cultivation and Potential Uses. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2015. pp. 45-96
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