Potential of upgrading domestic biomass into a higher energy density via torrefaction process

A. M. Iqbal, Z. A. Zainal, A. M. Mustafa Al Bakri, M. Mazlan, S. N. Soid, K. M. Nasir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Torrefaction is a thermal treatment step in a relatively low temperature range of 240-300°C, which aims to produce a higher energy biomass in terms of low heating value (LHV) and light weight properties. Biomass in wood (sawdust) was used in this work due availability in tropical climate and relatively cheap. LHV of torrified sawdust was found to be increases as heating temperature increased, in absence of oxygen content. This is enhanced by way of decomposing the hemicelluloses fraction. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) records the changes occurred in fixed carbon, volatile and ash in which it was recorded that an increase of fixed carbon and ash is seen in the increases of temperature and a decrease of volatile is vice versa. The study provides a clearer picture of the result obtained from TGA and HHV which improvise the biomass into higher energy output.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
Pages620-625
Number of pages6
Volume795
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2013 - Penang
Duration: 26 Mar 201327 Mar 2013

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume795
ISSN (Print)10226680

Other

Other2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2013
CityPenang
Period26/3/1327/3/13

Fingerprint

Sawdust
Biomass
Heating
Coal ash
Thermogravimetric analysis
Carbon
Temperature
Wood
Heat treatment
Availability
Oxygen

Keywords

  • Energy Properties
  • Fuel Biomass
  • Torrefaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Iqbal, A. M., Zainal, Z. A., Mustafa Al Bakri, A. M., Mazlan, M., Soid, S. N., & Nasir, K. M. (2013). Potential of upgrading domestic biomass into a higher energy density via torrefaction process. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 795, pp. 620-625). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 795). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.795.620

Potential of upgrading domestic biomass into a higher energy density via torrefaction process. / Iqbal, A. M.; Zainal, Z. A.; Mustafa Al Bakri, A. M.; Mazlan, M.; Soid, S. N.; Nasir, K. M.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 795 2013. p. 620-625 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 795).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Iqbal, AM, Zainal, ZA, Mustafa Al Bakri, AM, Mazlan, M, Soid, SN & Nasir, KM 2013, Potential of upgrading domestic biomass into a higher energy density via torrefaction process. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 795, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 795, pp. 620-625, 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2013, Penang, 26/3/13. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.795.620
Iqbal AM, Zainal ZA, Mustafa Al Bakri AM, Mazlan M, Soid SN, Nasir KM. Potential of upgrading domestic biomass into a higher energy density via torrefaction process. In Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 795. 2013. p. 620-625. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.795.620
Iqbal, A. M. ; Zainal, Z. A. ; Mustafa Al Bakri, A. M. ; Mazlan, M. ; Soid, S. N. ; Nasir, K. M. / Potential of upgrading domestic biomass into a higher energy density via torrefaction process. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 795 2013. pp. 620-625 (Advanced Materials Research).
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