Potential of nanofiltration for brackish water desalination in Gaza Strip

A. A. Abuhabib, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, Rakmi Abd Rahman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanofiltration membranes have proven their applicability in desalination as well as many other fields in water and wastewater industries. Two commercial nanofiltration membranes denoted as NF and ASP30 were chosen to be investigated in terms of their characteristics and performance in order to determine their suitability and applicability for brackish water desalination in Gaza Strip. In this work, membranes flux and rejection of two additional salts (Na 2SO4 and KCl) is reported. Both membranes showed higher rejection rate for Na2SO4 (99% for NF and 75% for ASP30) when compared to KCl (36% for NF and 32% for ASP30). ASP30 had higher flux for both salts solutions (110 L.m-2.h-1 for Na 2SO4 and 121 L.m-2.h-1 for KCl) while NF membrane had lower flux for both of them (78.4 L.m-2.h-1 for Na2SO4 and 72.5 L.m-2.h-1 for KCl). In addition, the variation of salt rejection versus permeation provides a possibility of optimizing operational conditions of both membranes. The results indicated good potential in applying both membranes to desalinate brackish water of Gaza Strip which is characterized by up to 2000 mg/l TDS of which Chloride is up to 700 mg/l.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
Pages2356-2358
Number of pages3
Volume233-235
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event2011 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, CEAM 2011 - Changsha
Duration: 28 May 201130 May 2011

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume233-235
ISSN (Print)10226680

Other

Other2011 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, CEAM 2011
CityChangsha
Period28/5/1130/5/11

Fingerprint

Nanofiltration
Desalination
Membranes
Nanofiltration membranes
Water
Salts
Fluxes
Permeation
Wastewater
Industry

Keywords

  • Brackish
  • Desalination
  • Nanofiltration
  • Permeate flux
  • Salt rejection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Abuhabib, A. A., Mohammad, A. W., & Rahman, R. A. (2011). Potential of nanofiltration for brackish water desalination in Gaza Strip. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 233-235, pp. 2356-2358). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 233-235). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.233-235.2356

Potential of nanofiltration for brackish water desalination in Gaza Strip. / Abuhabib, A. A.; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab; Rahman, Rakmi Abd.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 233-235 2011. p. 2356-2358 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 233-235).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abuhabib, AA, Mohammad, AW & Rahman, RA 2011, Potential of nanofiltration for brackish water desalination in Gaza Strip. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 233-235, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 233-235, pp. 2356-2358, 2011 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, CEAM 2011, Changsha, 28/5/11. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.233-235.2356
Abuhabib AA, Mohammad AW, Rahman RA. Potential of nanofiltration for brackish water desalination in Gaza Strip. In Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 233-235. 2011. p. 2356-2358. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.233-235.2356
Abuhabib, A. A. ; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab ; Rahman, Rakmi Abd. / Potential of nanofiltration for brackish water desalination in Gaza Strip. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 233-235 2011. pp. 2356-2358 (Advanced Materials Research).
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