Postural assessment in pen-and-paper-based observational methods and their associated health effects

a review

Ezrin Hani Sukadarin, Baba Md Deros, Jaharah A Ghani, Nur Syazwani Mohd Nawi, Ahmad Rasdan Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction. This review describes standardized ergonomics assessment based on pen-and-paper observational methods for assessing ergonomics risk factors. Objective. The three main objectives are to analyze published pen-and-paper observational methods, to extract and understand the risk levels of each method and to identify their associated health effects. Methodology. The authors searched scientific databases and the Internet for materials from 1970 to 2013 using the following keywords: ergo, posture, method, observational, postural angle, health effects, pain and diseases. Postural assessments of upper arms, lower arms, wrists, neck, back and legs in six pen-and-paper-based observational methods are highlighted, extracted in groups and linked with associated adverse health effects. Results. The literature reviewed showed strengths and limitations of published pen-and-paper-based observational methods in determining the work activities, risk levels and related postural angles to adverse health effects. This provided a better understanding of unsafe work postures and how to improve these postures. Conclusion. Many pen-and-paper-based observational methods have been developed. However, there are still many limitations of these methods. There is, therefore, a need to develop a new pen-and-paper-based observational method for assessing postural problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 May 2016

Fingerprint

Health
Ergonomics
health
Posture
Human Engineering
ergonomics
Internet
Arm
Wrist
pain
Leg
Neck
Databases
Disease
Pain
methodology
Group

Keywords

  • health effects
  • observational method
  • posture
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research

Cite this

Postural assessment in pen-and-paper-based observational methods and their associated health effects : a review. / Sukadarin, Ezrin Hani; Md Deros, Baba; A Ghani, Jaharah; Mohd Nawi, Nur Syazwani; Ismail, Ahmad Rasdan.

In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 06.05.2016, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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