Porcupine burrow distribution in relation to soil types in Sarawak, Malaysia

M. T. Marina, Zubaid Akbar Mukhtar Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although porcupines are reported to be relatively widespread in forests and cultivated areas in Malaysia, there is no published information on their roost site preferences. The objective of this study was to determine if porcupines (Hystrix brachyura and Hystrix crassispinis) select particular soil types in which to construct burrows in Sarawak. Seven porcupine burrow locations in the Bintulu-Miri area of Sarawak with a total of 30 burrow holes were located. The burrow locations were marked using the Global Positioning System and overlaid with maps of the soil series in Sarawak to determine the relationship between the burrow location, soil type and soil series. The porcupines were found to inhabit areas where the soils were from the Merit/Bekenu soil series. Merit soil series show an increased clay content with moderate to well drained soil, while the Bekenu soil series is defned as well drained with good permeability. The results suggest that the porcupines prefer soils that are relatively easy to excavate but at the same time provide burrow stability. This suggests that the soil profle of the landscape can be used to predict the probability of the presence of porcupines in the area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-32
Number of pages9
JournalMalayan Nature Journal
Volume67
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Borneo
burrow
burrows
Malaysia
soil type
soil types
soil
roost site
distribution
well
global positioning systems
permeability
clay
GPS

Keywords

  • Burrow distribution
  • Porcupines
  • Sarawak
  • Soil types

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Porcupine burrow distribution in relation to soil types in Sarawak, Malaysia. / Marina, M. T.; Mukhtar Ahmad, Zubaid Akbar.

In: Malayan Nature Journal, Vol. 67, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 24-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marina, MT & Mukhtar Ahmad, ZA 2015, 'Porcupine burrow distribution in relation to soil types in Sarawak, Malaysia', Malayan Nature Journal, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 24-32.
Marina, M. T. ; Mukhtar Ahmad, Zubaid Akbar. / Porcupine burrow distribution in relation to soil types in Sarawak, Malaysia. In: Malayan Nature Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 67, No. 1. pp. 24-32.
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