Population census and age category character of stump-tailed macaque, Macaca arctoides, in Northern Peninsular Malaysia

Abd Rahman Syamil, Abd Rahman Mohd-Ridwan, Mohd Arif Amsah, Muhammad Abu Bakar Abdul-Latiff, Badrul Munir Md-Zain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Syamil AR, Mohd-Ridwan AR, Amsah MA, Abdul-Latiff MAB, Md-Zain BM. 2019. Population census and age category character of Stump-tailed macaque, Macaca arctoides, in Northern Peninsular Malaysia. Biodiversitas 20: 2446-2452. Macaca arctoides is reported to be distributed only in the northern part of Malay Peninsula. Intensive scientific observations have never been carried out before on this neglected macaque in the northern range. Thus, in this article, an estimation of population data on the Malaysian stump-tailed macaques that were found in Wang Kelian forest areas in Perlis State Park, Malaysia is presented. Intensive field observations were conducted from Sept 2018 to January 2019 with scanning sampling. The study revealed a total of 171-176 stump-tailed macaques, consisting of 44 (25%) adult males, 28 (16%) adult females, 19-22 (11%) sub-adult males, 16-19 (10%) sub-adult females, 43 (25%) juveniles, and 21-23 (13%) infants. Two main groups were observed, which were the Nomad and the Batat groups. Their ranging areas appear to sometimes overlap each other, while some Nomad members were observed in the Batat group. The age structure can be differentiated through body size and pelage coloration. The stump-tailed macaque populations in Wang Kelian are sensitive to human presence, while their habitat area is threatened by human illegal poaching activities. More conservation efforts are needed to conserve this neglected macaque from local extinction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2446-2452
Number of pages7
JournalBiodiversitas
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Macaca arctoides
Malaysia
Macaca
Censuses
nomadic people
Population
age structure
Body Size
extinction
body size
Ecosystem
color
habitats

Keywords

  • Beruk kentoi
  • Macaca arctoides
  • Malaysian primates
  • Stump-tailed macaque
  • Wang kelian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Population census and age category character of stump-tailed macaque, Macaca arctoides, in Northern Peninsular Malaysia. / Syamil, Abd Rahman; Mohd-Ridwan, Abd Rahman; Amsah, Mohd Arif; Abdul-Latiff, Muhammad Abu Bakar; Md-Zain, Badrul Munir.

In: Biodiversitas, Vol. 20, No. 9, 01.01.2019, p. 2446-2452.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Syamil, Abd Rahman ; Mohd-Ridwan, Abd Rahman ; Amsah, Mohd Arif ; Abdul-Latiff, Muhammad Abu Bakar ; Md-Zain, Badrul Munir. / Population census and age category character of stump-tailed macaque, Macaca arctoides, in Northern Peninsular Malaysia. In: Biodiversitas. 2019 ; Vol. 20, No. 9. pp. 2446-2452.
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