Polyethersulfone nanofiltration membrane incorporated with silicon dioxide prepared by phase inversion method for xylitol purification

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Xylitol purity is essential for a high value product obtained from biomass fermentation. Common biomass fermentation from sugar cane bagasse, corncobs or rice husk source in the presence of yeast produces xylitol mixture (containing xylose, arabinose), thus, various methods have been used for the purification such as crystallization and adsorption. However, membrane technique is of interest due to the operational simplicity and flexibility, relatively high selectivity and permeability for the transport of specific components. Nanofiltration (NF) membrane is targeted for the membrane application based on the ranges of molecular weight of the mixture components that fall in NF (between 200 to 2000 g/mol). In this paper, a new and efficient NF membrane used for purifying xylitol was synthesized from polyethersulfone (PES) and PES incorporated with silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanoparticles (NP) of 5 wt.% via phase inversion technique. These membranes have been characterized for their chemical, physical and morphological properties and their performances have been evaluated in the dead end filtration to obtain the pure water flux and filtration performance using xylitol mixture. EDX showed the presence of SiO2 NP on the membrane for PES/SiO2 membrane but none in PES membrane. The membrane permeation properties improved also when SiO2 has been incorporated to the PES membrane. The hydrophilicity of the PES/SiO2 membrane measured by contact angle improved from 79.7±0.65 to 59.1±0.15o for PES/SiO2 and PES membranes, respectively. The water flux has enhanced for PES/SiO2 membrane from 24.56 to 59.14 L/m2h measured at 4 bar. Therefore, in terms of flux and contact angle, the synthesized membrane of PES/ SiO2 was found to be more effective compared to pure PES membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-808
Number of pages6
JournalPolymers and Polymer Composites
Volume24
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Xylitol
Nanofiltration membranes
Silicon Dioxide
Purification
Silica
Membranes
Fluxes
polyether sulfone
Fermentation
Contact angle
Biomass
Nanoparticles
Sugar cane
Nanofiltration
Arabinose
Bagasse
Xylose
Water
Hydrophilicity
Crystallization

Keywords

  • Membran
  • Nanofiltration
  • PES
  • SiO
  • Xylitol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Polyethersulfone nanofiltration membrane incorporated with silicon dioxide prepared by phase inversion method for xylitol purification",
abstract = "Xylitol purity is essential for a high value product obtained from biomass fermentation. Common biomass fermentation from sugar cane bagasse, corncobs or rice husk source in the presence of yeast produces xylitol mixture (containing xylose, arabinose), thus, various methods have been used for the purification such as crystallization and adsorption. However, membrane technique is of interest due to the operational simplicity and flexibility, relatively high selectivity and permeability for the transport of specific components. Nanofiltration (NF) membrane is targeted for the membrane application based on the ranges of molecular weight of the mixture components that fall in NF (between 200 to 2000 g/mol). In this paper, a new and efficient NF membrane used for purifying xylitol was synthesized from polyethersulfone (PES) and PES incorporated with silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanoparticles (NP) of 5 wt.{\%} via phase inversion technique. These membranes have been characterized for their chemical, physical and morphological properties and their performances have been evaluated in the dead end filtration to obtain the pure water flux and filtration performance using xylitol mixture. EDX showed the presence of SiO2 NP on the membrane for PES/SiO2 membrane but none in PES membrane. The membrane permeation properties improved also when SiO2 has been incorporated to the PES membrane. The hydrophilicity of the PES/SiO2 membrane measured by contact angle improved from 79.7±0.65 to 59.1±0.15o for PES/SiO2 and PES membranes, respectively. The water flux has enhanced for PES/SiO2 membrane from 24.56 to 59.14 L/m2h measured at 4 bar. Therefore, in terms of flux and contact angle, the synthesized membrane of PES/ SiO2 was found to be more effective compared to pure PES membrane.",
keywords = "Membran, Nanofiltration, PES, SiO, Xylitol",
author = "Faneer, {Khalefa A.} and Rosiah Rohani and Mohammad, {Abdul Wahab}",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "803--808",
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T1 - Polyethersulfone nanofiltration membrane incorporated with silicon dioxide prepared by phase inversion method for xylitol purification

AU - Faneer, Khalefa A.

AU - Rohani, Rosiah

AU - Mohammad, Abdul Wahab

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Xylitol purity is essential for a high value product obtained from biomass fermentation. Common biomass fermentation from sugar cane bagasse, corncobs or rice husk source in the presence of yeast produces xylitol mixture (containing xylose, arabinose), thus, various methods have been used for the purification such as crystallization and adsorption. However, membrane technique is of interest due to the operational simplicity and flexibility, relatively high selectivity and permeability for the transport of specific components. Nanofiltration (NF) membrane is targeted for the membrane application based on the ranges of molecular weight of the mixture components that fall in NF (between 200 to 2000 g/mol). In this paper, a new and efficient NF membrane used for purifying xylitol was synthesized from polyethersulfone (PES) and PES incorporated with silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanoparticles (NP) of 5 wt.% via phase inversion technique. These membranes have been characterized for their chemical, physical and morphological properties and their performances have been evaluated in the dead end filtration to obtain the pure water flux and filtration performance using xylitol mixture. EDX showed the presence of SiO2 NP on the membrane for PES/SiO2 membrane but none in PES membrane. The membrane permeation properties improved also when SiO2 has been incorporated to the PES membrane. The hydrophilicity of the PES/SiO2 membrane measured by contact angle improved from 79.7±0.65 to 59.1±0.15o for PES/SiO2 and PES membranes, respectively. The water flux has enhanced for PES/SiO2 membrane from 24.56 to 59.14 L/m2h measured at 4 bar. Therefore, in terms of flux and contact angle, the synthesized membrane of PES/ SiO2 was found to be more effective compared to pure PES membrane.

AB - Xylitol purity is essential for a high value product obtained from biomass fermentation. Common biomass fermentation from sugar cane bagasse, corncobs or rice husk source in the presence of yeast produces xylitol mixture (containing xylose, arabinose), thus, various methods have been used for the purification such as crystallization and adsorption. However, membrane technique is of interest due to the operational simplicity and flexibility, relatively high selectivity and permeability for the transport of specific components. Nanofiltration (NF) membrane is targeted for the membrane application based on the ranges of molecular weight of the mixture components that fall in NF (between 200 to 2000 g/mol). In this paper, a new and efficient NF membrane used for purifying xylitol was synthesized from polyethersulfone (PES) and PES incorporated with silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanoparticles (NP) of 5 wt.% via phase inversion technique. These membranes have been characterized for their chemical, physical and morphological properties and their performances have been evaluated in the dead end filtration to obtain the pure water flux and filtration performance using xylitol mixture. EDX showed the presence of SiO2 NP on the membrane for PES/SiO2 membrane but none in PES membrane. The membrane permeation properties improved also when SiO2 has been incorporated to the PES membrane. The hydrophilicity of the PES/SiO2 membrane measured by contact angle improved from 79.7±0.65 to 59.1±0.15o for PES/SiO2 and PES membranes, respectively. The water flux has enhanced for PES/SiO2 membrane from 24.56 to 59.14 L/m2h measured at 4 bar. Therefore, in terms of flux and contact angle, the synthesized membrane of PES/ SiO2 was found to be more effective compared to pure PES membrane.

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