Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and hopane in Malacca coastal water: 130 years of evidence for their land-based sources

Mahyar Sakari, Mohamad Pauzi Zakaria, Che Abd. Rahim Mohamed, Nordin Haj Lajis, Mohd Harun Abdullah, Azadeh Shahbazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Massive development over the past century has led to environmental oil-related pollution around the Malaysian city of Malacca. To characterize the concentration, sources, and origins of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Malacca's coastal water in the Strait of Malacca, sediment cores from near shore and offshore were collected and analyzed. The highest concentration of total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Near Shore station core was 4447 ng/g dry weight (dw) (1963-1969), and the lowest was 177 ng/g dw (1949-1955). The lowest concentration of PAHs in the Near Shore sample was 452 ng/g dw (1991 to 1997). In general, the Offshore core showed lower concentrations of total PAHs than did the Near Shore core, ranging from 1.71 (1914-1920) to 714.37 ng/g dw (1963-1969). Diagnostic tools such as specific compound, isomer ratio, and hopane characteristics indicate pollution by petroleum and combustion of oils from Southeast Asia and the Middle East in the study area since the1940s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-78
Number of pages16
JournalEnvironmental Forensics
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

coastal water
PAH
pollution
oil
sediment core
strait
combustion
petroleum
land

Keywords

  • Asphalt
  • Crankcase oil
  • Hopane
  • PAHs
  • Strait of Malacca

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and hopane in Malacca coastal water : 130 years of evidence for their land-based sources. / Sakari, Mahyar; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi; Mohamed, Che Abd. Rahim; Lajis, Nordin Haj; Abdullah, Mohd Harun; Shahbazi, Azadeh.

In: Environmental Forensics, Vol. 12, No. 1, 03.2011, p. 63-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakari, Mahyar ; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi ; Mohamed, Che Abd. Rahim ; Lajis, Nordin Haj ; Abdullah, Mohd Harun ; Shahbazi, Azadeh. / Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and hopane in Malacca coastal water : 130 years of evidence for their land-based sources. In: Environmental Forensics. 2011 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 63-78.
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