Policies to coerce car drivers to utilize public transportation (for all trips and school trips) in Malaysia

Abdullah Nurdden, Riza Atiq Abdullah O.K. Rahmat, Amiruddin Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Malaysia as elsewhere, the rapid increase in the use of own transport prompted by inadequate public transport has resulted in increased traffic congestion, accidents, inadequate parking space and air pollution among other evils. This study aims to explore the differences in the characteristics of bus, train and car users for all trips and school trips. It identifies the factors contributing to their choice of transport mode and estimates the probability that car users might a change their travel mode to s safer alternative namely, bus and train travel. In this paper, a survey of 1200 car, bus and train users was conducted in Kuala Lumpur city center. A binary logit model was developed for the three alternative modes, bus, train and car. It was found that travel time, travel cost, gender, age, income level and car ownership are significant in influencing car users' mode choice behavior. The probability of car drivers shifting to public transport was also examined based on a scenario of a reduction in bus and train travel time and travel cost. Reduction of total travel time and travel cost for the bus and train mode emerges as the most important element in a program aimed at attracting car users towards public transport and away from car mode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)596-605
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Scientific Research
Volume16
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

public transportation
Malaysia
travel
Driver
automobile
Motor Vehicles
Railroad cars
train
Travel Time
rail transportation
public transport
Travel time
travel time
Costs
Logit Model
Costs and Cost Analysis
Traffic Congestion
Air Pollution
Alternatives
Accidents

Keywords

  • Car reduction
  • Logit model
  • Modal shift
  • Mode choice
  • Public transport policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Policies to coerce car drivers to utilize public transportation (for all trips and school trips) in Malaysia. / Nurdden, Abdullah; O.K. Rahmat, Riza Atiq Abdullah; Ismail, Amiruddin.

In: European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2007, p. 596-605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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