PLA and PP composites with enzyme modified oil palm fibre: A comparative study

Abdullah A. Mamun, Hans Peter Heim, Dalour Hossen Beg, Tan S. Kim, Sahrim Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The PLA and PP composites reinforced with oil palm fibres were fabricated using a high speed mixer followed by an injection moulding process with a fibre load of 30 wt%. Prior to composite production, oil palm fibres were modified by a mixture of enzymes. To observe the changes of the fibres surface functionality and morphology, the fibres were characterised using FT-IR and a scanning electron microscope. The effect of the modification of the fibres was assessed on the basis of the tensile, flexural, melt flow rate, heat deflection temperature, and, moisture resistance, properties of the resulting composites. The morphology and interlinking between the fibres and the matrix were detected using a scanning electron microscope. The solution viscosity was investigated to observe the effect of fibre modification and the ageing duration on the molecular weight of PLA. The properties of the PLA composites were compared with those of the PP composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Enzymes
Fibers
Composite materials
Electron microscopes
Scanning
Injection molding
Moisture
Aging of materials
Molecular weight
Flow rate
Viscosity

Keywords

  • A. Fibres
  • B. Environmental degradation
  • B. Mechanical properties
  • E. Surface treatments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

PLA and PP composites with enzyme modified oil palm fibre : A comparative study. / Mamun, Abdullah A.; Heim, Hans Peter; Beg, Dalour Hossen; Kim, Tan S.; Ahmad, Sahrim.

In: Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Vol. 53, 2013, p. 160-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mamun, Abdullah A. ; Heim, Hans Peter ; Beg, Dalour Hossen ; Kim, Tan S. ; Ahmad, Sahrim. / PLA and PP composites with enzyme modified oil palm fibre : A comparative study. In: Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2013 ; Vol. 53. pp. 160-167.
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