Pico hydro

Clean power from small streams

Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Juhari Ab Razak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Running the generator and use of battery to light up the house are common to rural folks. The difficulty of getting the fuel and the cost of fuel are the main problems. Use of other alternative renewable energy such as solar photovoltaic modules, which is available for a number of hours per day, is very costly. It is required to find suitable option to provide cheap and reliable option. While large hydropower provides electrical power for industry and domestic use, small-scale hydro is making some contributions toward providing this basic need to remote and off-grid areas especially in developing countries. This paper is focusing on pico hydro, a run-of-river application which does not require dam or reservoir for water storage. It is cost effective, environmentally friendly and the turbine can be manufactured locally. Several applications in developing countries are highlighted. Small-scale hydro turbines are reviewed and their applications at power production environment. Finally, the paper also discusses the efforts made by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) to promote this technology for rural electrification program.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09
Pages414-419
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Waste Management, WWAI '09 - Canary Islands
Duration: 1 Jul 20093 Jul 2009

Other

Other3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Waste Management, WWAI '09
CityCanary Islands
Period1/7/093/7/09

Fingerprint

turbine
developing world
rural electrification
Developing countries
basic needs
electrical power
Turbines
water storage
cost
dam
Dams
Costs
industry
Rivers
river
energy
Water
Industry
programme
battery

Keywords

  • Pico hydro
  • Run-of-river
  • Rural electrification
  • Small-scale hydropower
  • Turbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Sopian, K., & Razak, J. A. (2009). Pico hydro: Clean power from small streams. In Proceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09 (pp. 414-419)

Pico hydro : Clean power from small streams. / Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Razak, Juhari Ab.

Proceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09. 2009. p. 414-419.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sopian, K & Razak, JA 2009, Pico hydro: Clean power from small streams. in Proceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09. pp. 414-419, 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Waste Management, WWAI '09, Canary Islands, 1/7/09.
Sopian K, Razak JA. Pico hydro: Clean power from small streams. In Proceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09. 2009. p. 414-419
Sopian, Kamaruzzaman ; Razak, Juhari Ab. / Pico hydro : Clean power from small streams. Proceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09. 2009. pp. 414-419
@inproceedings{331acd75ca2c419bb48637e62335132b,
title = "Pico hydro: Clean power from small streams",
abstract = "Running the generator and use of battery to light up the house are common to rural folks. The difficulty of getting the fuel and the cost of fuel are the main problems. Use of other alternative renewable energy such as solar photovoltaic modules, which is available for a number of hours per day, is very costly. It is required to find suitable option to provide cheap and reliable option. While large hydropower provides electrical power for industry and domestic use, small-scale hydro is making some contributions toward providing this basic need to remote and off-grid areas especially in developing countries. This paper is focusing on pico hydro, a run-of-river application which does not require dam or reservoir for water storage. It is cost effective, environmentally friendly and the turbine can be manufactured locally. Several applications in developing countries are highlighted. Small-scale hydro turbines are reviewed and their applications at power production environment. Finally, the paper also discusses the efforts made by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) to promote this technology for rural electrification program.",
keywords = "Pico hydro, Run-of-river, Rural electrification, Small-scale hydropower, Turbine",
author = "Kamaruzzaman Sopian and Razak, {Juhari Ab}",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789604740932",
pages = "414--419",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Pico hydro

T2 - Clean power from small streams

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

AU - Razak, Juhari Ab

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Running the generator and use of battery to light up the house are common to rural folks. The difficulty of getting the fuel and the cost of fuel are the main problems. Use of other alternative renewable energy such as solar photovoltaic modules, which is available for a number of hours per day, is very costly. It is required to find suitable option to provide cheap and reliable option. While large hydropower provides electrical power for industry and domestic use, small-scale hydro is making some contributions toward providing this basic need to remote and off-grid areas especially in developing countries. This paper is focusing on pico hydro, a run-of-river application which does not require dam or reservoir for water storage. It is cost effective, environmentally friendly and the turbine can be manufactured locally. Several applications in developing countries are highlighted. Small-scale hydro turbines are reviewed and their applications at power production environment. Finally, the paper also discusses the efforts made by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) to promote this technology for rural electrification program.

AB - Running the generator and use of battery to light up the house are common to rural folks. The difficulty of getting the fuel and the cost of fuel are the main problems. Use of other alternative renewable energy such as solar photovoltaic modules, which is available for a number of hours per day, is very costly. It is required to find suitable option to provide cheap and reliable option. While large hydropower provides electrical power for industry and domestic use, small-scale hydro is making some contributions toward providing this basic need to remote and off-grid areas especially in developing countries. This paper is focusing on pico hydro, a run-of-river application which does not require dam or reservoir for water storage. It is cost effective, environmentally friendly and the turbine can be manufactured locally. Several applications in developing countries are highlighted. Small-scale hydro turbines are reviewed and their applications at power production environment. Finally, the paper also discusses the efforts made by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) to promote this technology for rural electrification program.

KW - Pico hydro

KW - Run-of-river

KW - Rural electrification

KW - Small-scale hydropower

KW - Turbine

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78149296783&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78149296783&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9789604740932

SP - 414

EP - 419

BT - Proceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving, Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09

ER -