Phytotoxicity of wastewater containing lead (pb) effects scirpus grossus

B. Voijant Tangahu, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, Hassan Basri, Mushrifah Idris, Nurina Anuar, M. Mukhlisin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phytoremediation is an environment-friendly and cost-effective method to clean the envi- ronment of heavy metal contamination. A prolonged phytotoxicity test was conducted in a single exposure. Scirpus grossus plants were grown in sand to which the diluted Pb(NO3)2 was added, with the variation of concentration were 0, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/L. It was found that Scirpus grossus plants can tolerate Pb at concentrations of up to 400 mg/L. The withering was observed on day-7 for Pb concentrations of 400 mg/L and above. 100% of the plants withered with a Pb concentration of 600 mg/L on day 65. The Pb concentration in water medium decreased while in plant tissues increased. Adsorption of Pb solution ranged between 2 to 6% for concentrations of 100 to 800 mg/L. The Bioaccumulation Coefficient and Translocation Factor of Scirpus grossus were found greater than 1, indicating that this species is a hyperaccumulator plant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-826
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

Scirpus
Bioaccumulation
phytotoxicity
Heavy Metals
Heavy metals
wastewater
Wastewater
Contamination
Sand
Lead
Tissue
Adsorption
Water
Costs
hyperaccumulators
bioaccumulation
phytoremediation
plant tissues
adsorption
heavy metals

Keywords

  • Hyperaccumulator plant
  • Phytoremediation
  • Phytotoxicity
  • Scirpus grossus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

Phytotoxicity of wastewater containing lead (pb) effects scirpus grossus. / Tangahu, B. Voijant; Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah; Basri, Hassan; Idris, Mushrifah; Anuar, Nurina; Mukhlisin, M.

In: International Journal of Phytoremediation, Vol. 15, No. 8, 09.2013, p. 814-826.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8f06ee73062547f394646184fd8ecb49,
title = "Phytotoxicity of wastewater containing lead (pb) effects scirpus grossus",
abstract = "Phytoremediation is an environment-friendly and cost-effective method to clean the envi- ronment of heavy metal contamination. A prolonged phytotoxicity test was conducted in a single exposure. Scirpus grossus plants were grown in sand to which the diluted Pb(NO3)2 was added, with the variation of concentration were 0, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/L. It was found that Scirpus grossus plants can tolerate Pb at concentrations of up to 400 mg/L. The withering was observed on day-7 for Pb concentrations of 400 mg/L and above. 100{\%} of the plants withered with a Pb concentration of 600 mg/L on day 65. The Pb concentration in water medium decreased while in plant tissues increased. Adsorption of Pb solution ranged between 2 to 6{\%} for concentrations of 100 to 800 mg/L. The Bioaccumulation Coefficient and Translocation Factor of Scirpus grossus were found greater than 1, indicating that this species is a hyperaccumulator plant.",
keywords = "Hyperaccumulator plant, Phytoremediation, Phytotoxicity, Scirpus grossus",
author = "Tangahu, {B. Voijant} and {Sheikh Abdullah}, {Siti Rozaimah} and Hassan Basri and Mushrifah Idris and Nurina Anuar and M. Mukhlisin",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1080/15226514.2012.736437",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "814--826",
journal = "International Journal of Phytoremediation",
issn = "1522-6514",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phytotoxicity of wastewater containing lead (pb) effects scirpus grossus

AU - Tangahu, B. Voijant

AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

AU - Basri, Hassan

AU - Idris, Mushrifah

AU - Anuar, Nurina

AU - Mukhlisin, M.

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - Phytoremediation is an environment-friendly and cost-effective method to clean the envi- ronment of heavy metal contamination. A prolonged phytotoxicity test was conducted in a single exposure. Scirpus grossus plants were grown in sand to which the diluted Pb(NO3)2 was added, with the variation of concentration were 0, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/L. It was found that Scirpus grossus plants can tolerate Pb at concentrations of up to 400 mg/L. The withering was observed on day-7 for Pb concentrations of 400 mg/L and above. 100% of the plants withered with a Pb concentration of 600 mg/L on day 65. The Pb concentration in water medium decreased while in plant tissues increased. Adsorption of Pb solution ranged between 2 to 6% for concentrations of 100 to 800 mg/L. The Bioaccumulation Coefficient and Translocation Factor of Scirpus grossus were found greater than 1, indicating that this species is a hyperaccumulator plant.

AB - Phytoremediation is an environment-friendly and cost-effective method to clean the envi- ronment of heavy metal contamination. A prolonged phytotoxicity test was conducted in a single exposure. Scirpus grossus plants were grown in sand to which the diluted Pb(NO3)2 was added, with the variation of concentration were 0, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/L. It was found that Scirpus grossus plants can tolerate Pb at concentrations of up to 400 mg/L. The withering was observed on day-7 for Pb concentrations of 400 mg/L and above. 100% of the plants withered with a Pb concentration of 600 mg/L on day 65. The Pb concentration in water medium decreased while in plant tissues increased. Adsorption of Pb solution ranged between 2 to 6% for concentrations of 100 to 800 mg/L. The Bioaccumulation Coefficient and Translocation Factor of Scirpus grossus were found greater than 1, indicating that this species is a hyperaccumulator plant.

KW - Hyperaccumulator plant

KW - Phytoremediation

KW - Phytotoxicity

KW - Scirpus grossus

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880600051&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880600051&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15226514.2012.736437

DO - 10.1080/15226514.2012.736437

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 814

EP - 826

JO - International Journal of Phytoremediation

JF - International Journal of Phytoremediation

SN - 1522-6514

IS - 8

ER -