Phytoremediation of Wastewater Containing Lead (Pb) in Pilot Reed Bed Using Scirpus Grossus

Bieby Voijant Tangahu, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, Hassan Basri, Mushrifah Idris, Nurina Anuar, Muhammad Mukhlisin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phytoremediation is a technology to clean the environment from heavy metals contamination. The objectives of this study are to threat Pb contaminated wastewater by using phytoremediation technology and to determine if the plant can be mention as hyperaccumulator. Fifty plants of Scirpus grossus were grown in sand medium and 600 L spiked water in various Pb concentration (10, 30 and 50 mg/L) was exposed. The experiment was conducted with single exposure method, sampling time on day-1, day-14, day-28, day-42, day-70, and day-98. The analysis of Pb concentration in water, sand medium and inside the plant tissue was conducted by ICP-OES. Water samples were filtered and Pb concentration were directly analyzed, Pb in sand samples were extracted by EDTA method before analyzed, and Pb in plant tissues were extracted by wet digestion method and analyzed. The results showed that on day-28, Pb concentration in water decreased 100%, 99.9%, 99.7%, and the highest Pb uptake by plant were 1343, 4909, 3236 mg/kg for the treatment of 10, 30, and 50 mg/L respectively. The highest BC and TF were 485,261 on day-42 and 2.5295 on day-70 of treatment 30 mg/L, it can be mentioned that Scirpus grossus is a hyperaccumulator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-676
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

Fingerprint

Scirpus
phytoremediation
wastewater
Wastewater
Lead
hyperaccumulators
Sand
Water
sand
plant tissues
water
Tissue
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
Heavy Metals
Edetic Acid
sampling
Heavy metals
heavy metals
Contamination
EDTA

Keywords

  • bioaccumulation
  • heavy metal uptake
  • lead
  • phytoremediation
  • Scirpus grossus reed bed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

Phytoremediation of Wastewater Containing Lead (Pb) in Pilot Reed Bed Using Scirpus Grossus. / Tangahu, Bieby Voijant; Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah; Basri, Hassan; Idris, Mushrifah; Anuar, Nurina; Mukhlisin, Muhammad.

In: International Journal of Phytoremediation, Vol. 15, No. 7, 08.2013, p. 663-676.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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