Physiochemical changes and mass balance of raw and alkaline pretreated oil palm frond: Pressed versus non-pressed sample

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malaysia is the world second largest palm oil producer after Indonesia. Oil palm industry has generated approximately 83 million tonnes (wet weight) of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) annually from the production of crude palm oil and palm kernel oil. Thus, the abundantly available OPF as solid agrowaste is creating environmental problems and economically attractive approach is needed to effectively and efficiently utilize the OPF waste. In order to fully utilized OPF lignocellulosic biomass, the chemical composition in the oil palm frond fibre (OPFF) was quantified using standard Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Alkaline pretreatment by using Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) was done toward the raw OPF (ROPF) as a step to breakdown the lignin structure and thus enhance the porosity of the biomass. This study also compares the physiochemical changes with mass balance for raw non-pressed OPF (RNPOPF), raw pressed OPF (RPOPF), pretreated non-pressed OPF (PNPOPF) and pretreated pressed OPF (PPOPF). Through this study, available sugar in the form of fresh juice obtained from pressing the ROPF contain 2.15 + 0.01% glucose, 0.45 + 0.02% sucrose and 0.10 + 0.05% fructose. Meanwhile the RPOPF bagasse gave 61.42 + 2.41% of total structural carbohydrate. RNPOPF fibre on the other hand gave 69.06 + 1.50% of total structural carbohydrate on corrected dry weight basis. The physical morphological changes of each corresponding sample structure were viewed by using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9886-9893
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Engineering Research
Volume11
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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Palm oil
Carbohydrates
Biomass
Fructose
Bagasse
Fibers
Sugar (sucrose)
Lignin
Sugars
Glucose

Keywords

  • Compositional analysis
  • Mass balance
  • NaOH pretreatment
  • Non-Pressed OPF
  • Pressed OPF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Physiochemical changes and mass balance of raw and alkaline pretreated oil palm frond: Pressed versus non-pressed sample",
abstract = "Malaysia is the world second largest palm oil producer after Indonesia. Oil palm industry has generated approximately 83 million tonnes (wet weight) of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) annually from the production of crude palm oil and palm kernel oil. Thus, the abundantly available OPF as solid agrowaste is creating environmental problems and economically attractive approach is needed to effectively and efficiently utilize the OPF waste. In order to fully utilized OPF lignocellulosic biomass, the chemical composition in the oil palm frond fibre (OPFF) was quantified using standard Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Alkaline pretreatment by using Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) was done toward the raw OPF (ROPF) as a step to breakdown the lignin structure and thus enhance the porosity of the biomass. This study also compares the physiochemical changes with mass balance for raw non-pressed OPF (RNPOPF), raw pressed OPF (RPOPF), pretreated non-pressed OPF (PNPOPF) and pretreated pressed OPF (PPOPF). Through this study, available sugar in the form of fresh juice obtained from pressing the ROPF contain 2.15 + 0.01{\%} glucose, 0.45 + 0.02{\%} sucrose and 0.10 + 0.05{\%} fructose. Meanwhile the RPOPF bagasse gave 61.42 + 2.41{\%} of total structural carbohydrate. RNPOPF fibre on the other hand gave 69.06 + 1.50{\%} of total structural carbohydrate on corrected dry weight basis. The physical morphological changes of each corresponding sample structure were viewed by using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis.",
keywords = "Compositional analysis, Mass balance, NaOH pretreatment, Non-Pressed OPF, Pressed OPF",
author = "Aina, {F. Nurul} and Shuhaida Harun and {Md Jahim}, Jamaliah",
year = "2016",
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T1 - Physiochemical changes and mass balance of raw and alkaline pretreated oil palm frond

T2 - Pressed versus non-pressed sample

AU - Aina, F. Nurul

AU - Harun, Shuhaida

AU - Md Jahim, Jamaliah

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Malaysia is the world second largest palm oil producer after Indonesia. Oil palm industry has generated approximately 83 million tonnes (wet weight) of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) annually from the production of crude palm oil and palm kernel oil. Thus, the abundantly available OPF as solid agrowaste is creating environmental problems and economically attractive approach is needed to effectively and efficiently utilize the OPF waste. In order to fully utilized OPF lignocellulosic biomass, the chemical composition in the oil palm frond fibre (OPFF) was quantified using standard Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Alkaline pretreatment by using Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) was done toward the raw OPF (ROPF) as a step to breakdown the lignin structure and thus enhance the porosity of the biomass. This study also compares the physiochemical changes with mass balance for raw non-pressed OPF (RNPOPF), raw pressed OPF (RPOPF), pretreated non-pressed OPF (PNPOPF) and pretreated pressed OPF (PPOPF). Through this study, available sugar in the form of fresh juice obtained from pressing the ROPF contain 2.15 + 0.01% glucose, 0.45 + 0.02% sucrose and 0.10 + 0.05% fructose. Meanwhile the RPOPF bagasse gave 61.42 + 2.41% of total structural carbohydrate. RNPOPF fibre on the other hand gave 69.06 + 1.50% of total structural carbohydrate on corrected dry weight basis. The physical morphological changes of each corresponding sample structure were viewed by using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis.

AB - Malaysia is the world second largest palm oil producer after Indonesia. Oil palm industry has generated approximately 83 million tonnes (wet weight) of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) annually from the production of crude palm oil and palm kernel oil. Thus, the abundantly available OPF as solid agrowaste is creating environmental problems and economically attractive approach is needed to effectively and efficiently utilize the OPF waste. In order to fully utilized OPF lignocellulosic biomass, the chemical composition in the oil palm frond fibre (OPFF) was quantified using standard Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Alkaline pretreatment by using Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) was done toward the raw OPF (ROPF) as a step to breakdown the lignin structure and thus enhance the porosity of the biomass. This study also compares the physiochemical changes with mass balance for raw non-pressed OPF (RNPOPF), raw pressed OPF (RPOPF), pretreated non-pressed OPF (PNPOPF) and pretreated pressed OPF (PPOPF). Through this study, available sugar in the form of fresh juice obtained from pressing the ROPF contain 2.15 + 0.01% glucose, 0.45 + 0.02% sucrose and 0.10 + 0.05% fructose. Meanwhile the RPOPF bagasse gave 61.42 + 2.41% of total structural carbohydrate. RNPOPF fibre on the other hand gave 69.06 + 1.50% of total structural carbohydrate on corrected dry weight basis. The physical morphological changes of each corresponding sample structure were viewed by using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis.

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