Physicochemical properties and analysis of Malaysian palm fatty acid distilled

Majd Ahmed Jumaah, Mohd Firdaus Mohd Yusoff, Jumat Salimon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) is cheap and valuable byproduct of edible oil processing industries. This study was carried out to determine the physicochemical properties of Malaysian palm fatty acid distilled (PFAD). The physicochemical properties showed that the free fatty acid (FFA %), acid value, iodine value, saponification value, unsaponifiable matter, hydroxyl value, specific gravity at 28°C, moisture content, viscosity at 40°C and colour at 28°C values were 87.04± 0.1 %, 190.6± 1mg/g, 53.3±0.2mg/g, 210.37±0.8mg/g, 1.5±0.1%, 47±0.2mg/g, 0.87g/ml, 0.63 %, 30 cSt and yellowish respectively. Gas chromatography (GC) was used to determine the fatty acid (FA) composition in PFAD. The fatty acids were found to be comprised mostly with 48.9 % palmitic acid (C16:0), 37.4 % oleic acid (C18:1), 9.7 % linoleic acid (C18:2), 2.7 % stearic acid (C18:0) and 1.1 % myristic acid (C14:0). The analysis of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has resulted with 99.2 % of FFA, while diacylglycerol and monoacylglycerol were 0.69 and 0.062 % respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1940
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018
Event2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Jul 201713 Jul 2017

Other

Other2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period12/7/1713/7/17

Fingerprint

fatty acids
acids
palmitic acid
density (mass/volume)
oleic acid
liquid chromatography
gas chromatography
moisture content
iodine
oils
industries
viscosity
color

Keywords

  • fatty acid
  • palm oil
  • Physicochemical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Jumaah, M. A., Mohd Yusoff, M. F., & Salimon, J. (2018). Physicochemical properties and analysis of Malaysian palm fatty acid distilled. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1940). [020092] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028007

Physicochemical properties and analysis of Malaysian palm fatty acid distilled. / Jumaah, Majd Ahmed; Mohd Yusoff, Mohd Firdaus; Salimon, Jumat.

2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020092.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Jumaah, MA, Mohd Yusoff, MF & Salimon, J 2018, Physicochemical properties and analysis of Malaysian palm fatty acid distilled. in 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1940, 020092, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 12/7/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028007
Jumaah MA, Mohd Yusoff MF, Salimon J. Physicochemical properties and analysis of Malaysian palm fatty acid distilled. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020092 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028007
Jumaah, Majd Ahmed ; Mohd Yusoff, Mohd Firdaus ; Salimon, Jumat. / Physicochemical properties and analysis of Malaysian palm fatty acid distilled. 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
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