Physicochemical characterization of cellulose nanocrystal and nanoporous self-assembled CNC membrane derived from Ceiba pentandra

Mohamad Azuwa Mohamed, W. N W Salleh, Juhana Jaafar, A. F. Ismail, Muhazri Abd Mutalib, Abu Bakar Mohamad, Muhammad Fauzi Mohd. Zain, Nor Asikin Awang, Zul Adlan Mohd Hir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research involves the rare utilisation of the kapok fibre (Ceiba pentandra) as a raw material for the fabrication of cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) and self-assembled CNC membranes. The isolation of CNC from Ceiba pentandra began with the extraction of cellulose via the chemical alkali extraction by using 5 wt% NaOH, followed by the typical acidified bleaching method and, finally, the CNC production through acid hydrolysis with 60 wt% H2SO4 at the optimum time of 60 min. The prepared CNC was then employed for the preparation of self-assembled membrane through the water suspension casting evaporation technique. The obtained CNC membrane was characterised in terms of its composition, crystallinity, thermal stability, as well as, structural and morphological features with the use of several techniques including FTIR, XRD, AFM, TEM, FESEM, and TGA. The FESEM and AFM analyses had illustrated the achievement of a self-assembled CNC membrane with a smooth surface and a well-distributed nano-porous structure, with the porosity of 52.82 ± 7.79%. In addition, the findings proved that the self-assembled CNC membrane displayed good adsorption capability indicated by the recorded efficiency of 79% and 85% for 10 mg/L and 5 mg/L of methylene blue in an aqueous solution, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1892-1902
Number of pages11
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume157
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

Cellulose
Nanocrystals
Membranes
Methylene Blue
Alkalies
Bleaching
Hydrolysis
Suspensions
Raw materials
Casting
Evaporation
Thermodynamic stability
Porosity
Transmission electron microscopy
Adsorption
Fabrication
Acids
Water
Fibers
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Cellulose nanocrystal
  • Dye removal
  • Kapok fiber
  • Self-assembled CNC membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Mohamed, M. A., Salleh, W. N. W., Jaafar, J., Ismail, A. F., Abd Mutalib, M., Mohamad, A. B., ... Mohd Hir, Z. A. (2017). Physicochemical characterization of cellulose nanocrystal and nanoporous self-assembled CNC membrane derived from Ceiba pentandra. Carbohydrate Polymers, 157, 1892-1902. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.11.078

Physicochemical characterization of cellulose nanocrystal and nanoporous self-assembled CNC membrane derived from Ceiba pentandra. / Mohamed, Mohamad Azuwa; Salleh, W. N W; Jaafar, Juhana; Ismail, A. F.; Abd Mutalib, Muhazri; Mohamad, Abu Bakar; Mohd. Zain, Muhammad Fauzi; Awang, Nor Asikin; Mohd Hir, Zul Adlan.

In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 157, 10.02.2017, p. 1892-1902.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohamed, Mohamad Azuwa ; Salleh, W. N W ; Jaafar, Juhana ; Ismail, A. F. ; Abd Mutalib, Muhazri ; Mohamad, Abu Bakar ; Mohd. Zain, Muhammad Fauzi ; Awang, Nor Asikin ; Mohd Hir, Zul Adlan. / Physicochemical characterization of cellulose nanocrystal and nanoporous self-assembled CNC membrane derived from Ceiba pentandra. In: Carbohydrate Polymers. 2017 ; Vol. 157. pp. 1892-1902.
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AB - This research involves the rare utilisation of the kapok fibre (Ceiba pentandra) as a raw material for the fabrication of cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) and self-assembled CNC membranes. The isolation of CNC from Ceiba pentandra began with the extraction of cellulose via the chemical alkali extraction by using 5 wt% NaOH, followed by the typical acidified bleaching method and, finally, the CNC production through acid hydrolysis with 60 wt% H2SO4 at the optimum time of 60 min. The prepared CNC was then employed for the preparation of self-assembled membrane through the water suspension casting evaporation technique. The obtained CNC membrane was characterised in terms of its composition, crystallinity, thermal stability, as well as, structural and morphological features with the use of several techniques including FTIR, XRD, AFM, TEM, FESEM, and TGA. The FESEM and AFM analyses had illustrated the achievement of a self-assembled CNC membrane with a smooth surface and a well-distributed nano-porous structure, with the porosity of 52.82 ± 7.79%. In addition, the findings proved that the self-assembled CNC membrane displayed good adsorption capability indicated by the recorded efficiency of 79% and 85% for 10 mg/L and 5 mg/L of methylene blue in an aqueous solution, respectively.

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