Physico-mechanical properties of PF composite board from EFB fibres using liquefaction technique

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin was successfully produced from empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres via liquefaction approach using sulphuric acid as catalyst. The produced PF resin was used to blend with EFB fibres as filler to produce PF-EFB composite boards. The effect of different percentages of EFB fibres on the density, water absorption, impact strength, flexural strength, hardness and thermal properties of the produced PF-EFB composite boards was investigated. The density of the PF-EFB composite boards increased with the increase in EFB fibre content due to the higher density of the EFB fibres relative to the PF resin. The water absorption of the PF-EFB composite boards was also found to be increased with the increase in EFB fibre content. This could be attributed to the hygroscopic nature of the EFB fibres, which had promoted the water absorption process. The mechanical properties (flexural, impact and hardness) of the produced PF-EFB composite boards were increased linearly and reached maximum value with the addition of 20% of EFB fibres. The electron micrographs suggested good compatibility between the PF matrix and the EFB fibres, which had enhanced the mechanical properties of the PF-EFB composite boards. Our results had suggested that the EFB fibres not only could be used to produce PF resin using liquefaction method, but also could be used as reinforcing fillers to enhance the physical and mechanical properties of the composite boards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-923
Number of pages7
JournalIranian Polymer Journal (English Edition)
Volume18
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Liquefaction
Fruits
Phenol
Formaldehyde
Phenols
Mechanical properties
Fibers
Composite materials
Water absorption
Resins
Fillers
Hardness
Impact strength
Bending strength

Keywords

  • Empty fruit bunch
  • Liquefaction
  • Novolak
  • Phenol formaldehyde resin
  • Physico-mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Physico-mechanical properties of PF composite board from EFB fibres using liquefaction technique",
abstract = "Phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin was successfully produced from empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres via liquefaction approach using sulphuric acid as catalyst. The produced PF resin was used to blend with EFB fibres as filler to produce PF-EFB composite boards. The effect of different percentages of EFB fibres on the density, water absorption, impact strength, flexural strength, hardness and thermal properties of the produced PF-EFB composite boards was investigated. The density of the PF-EFB composite boards increased with the increase in EFB fibre content due to the higher density of the EFB fibres relative to the PF resin. The water absorption of the PF-EFB composite boards was also found to be increased with the increase in EFB fibre content. This could be attributed to the hygroscopic nature of the EFB fibres, which had promoted the water absorption process. The mechanical properties (flexural, impact and hardness) of the produced PF-EFB composite boards were increased linearly and reached maximum value with the addition of 20{\%} of EFB fibres. The electron micrographs suggested good compatibility between the PF matrix and the EFB fibres, which had enhanced the mechanical properties of the PF-EFB composite boards. Our results had suggested that the EFB fibres not only could be used to produce PF resin using liquefaction method, but also could be used as reinforcing fillers to enhance the physical and mechanical properties of the composite boards.",
keywords = "Empty fruit bunch, Liquefaction, Novolak, Phenol formaldehyde resin, Physico-mechanical properties",
author = "Chai, {Lee Lee} and Sarani Zakaria and Chia, {Chin Hua} and {Syed Jaafar}, {Sharifah Nabihah} and Rozaidi Rasid",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "917--923",
journal = "Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition)",
issn = "1026-1265",
publisher = "Polymer Research Center of Iran",
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T1 - Physico-mechanical properties of PF composite board from EFB fibres using liquefaction technique

AU - Chai, Lee Lee

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

AU - Chia, Chin Hua

AU - Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah

AU - Rasid, Rozaidi

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin was successfully produced from empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres via liquefaction approach using sulphuric acid as catalyst. The produced PF resin was used to blend with EFB fibres as filler to produce PF-EFB composite boards. The effect of different percentages of EFB fibres on the density, water absorption, impact strength, flexural strength, hardness and thermal properties of the produced PF-EFB composite boards was investigated. The density of the PF-EFB composite boards increased with the increase in EFB fibre content due to the higher density of the EFB fibres relative to the PF resin. The water absorption of the PF-EFB composite boards was also found to be increased with the increase in EFB fibre content. This could be attributed to the hygroscopic nature of the EFB fibres, which had promoted the water absorption process. The mechanical properties (flexural, impact and hardness) of the produced PF-EFB composite boards were increased linearly and reached maximum value with the addition of 20% of EFB fibres. The electron micrographs suggested good compatibility between the PF matrix and the EFB fibres, which had enhanced the mechanical properties of the PF-EFB composite boards. Our results had suggested that the EFB fibres not only could be used to produce PF resin using liquefaction method, but also could be used as reinforcing fillers to enhance the physical and mechanical properties of the composite boards.

AB - Phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin was successfully produced from empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres via liquefaction approach using sulphuric acid as catalyst. The produced PF resin was used to blend with EFB fibres as filler to produce PF-EFB composite boards. The effect of different percentages of EFB fibres on the density, water absorption, impact strength, flexural strength, hardness and thermal properties of the produced PF-EFB composite boards was investigated. The density of the PF-EFB composite boards increased with the increase in EFB fibre content due to the higher density of the EFB fibres relative to the PF resin. The water absorption of the PF-EFB composite boards was also found to be increased with the increase in EFB fibre content. This could be attributed to the hygroscopic nature of the EFB fibres, which had promoted the water absorption process. The mechanical properties (flexural, impact and hardness) of the produced PF-EFB composite boards were increased linearly and reached maximum value with the addition of 20% of EFB fibres. The electron micrographs suggested good compatibility between the PF matrix and the EFB fibres, which had enhanced the mechanical properties of the PF-EFB composite boards. Our results had suggested that the EFB fibres not only could be used to produce PF resin using liquefaction method, but also could be used as reinforcing fillers to enhance the physical and mechanical properties of the composite boards.

KW - Empty fruit bunch

KW - Liquefaction

KW - Novolak

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KW - Physico-mechanical properties

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