Physico-chemical characteristics and geochemical composition of soil from the former Air Terjun Mine, Kota Tinggi, Johor

Sahibin @ Sahibini Abd Rahim, Tukimat Lihan, Zulfahmi Ali Rahman, Baba Musta, Adong Laming, Wan Mohd Razi Idris, Muhd Barzani Gasim, Siti Rahayu Awang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A study on physico-chemical characteristics and geochemical composition of soil from the former Air Terjun Mine, Kota Tinggi Johor was carried out. The mine was known to produce tin and iron until the end of 2001 when their operation ceased. A number of 15 topsoil (0 - 20 cm) samples were collected east way direction using 'Dutch Auger'. Sampling area represented five different kinds of land use that were forest area (S1), open area (S2), pond edge (S3), sand tailing (S4) and river sediment (S5). Three soil samples were collected to represent every type of land use. The soil samples were determined for their physico-chemical characteristics and geochemical compositions. Major element compositions of soils were dominated by SiO 2 followed by Fe 2O 3 and Al 2O 3. TiO 2 and MnO content were less than 4.11% whereas K 2O and P 2O 5 content were less than 1%. The range of concentration for heavy metal were 105-1066 g/g for Zr, 31-107 g/g for Pb, 149-723 ug/g for As, 23-319 ug/g for Zn, 15-586 ug/g for Cu, 5-15 g/g for Ni, 7-144 g/g for Co and 25-66 g/g for Cr. The organic matter content ranged from 1.63 to 2.41%. Bulk density of some of the soil sample was high which indicates the presence of high density mineral. pH of the soil samples in the study area ranged from 3.81 to 5.20, thus acidic. The cation exchange capacity mean ranged from 1.19 to 5.41 cmol(+)/kg, whereas the electrical conductivity value ranged from 2.19 to 2.38 mS/cm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia
Issue number55
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

Fingerprint

air
soil
land use
tin
cation exchange capacity
tailings
fluvial deposit
topsoil
bulk density
electrical conductivity
chemical
pond
heavy metal
organic matter
iron
sand
sampling
mineral

Keywords

  • Enrichment
  • Geochemistry
  • Heavy metal
  • Kota tinggi
  • Pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Physico-chemical characteristics and geochemical composition of soil from the former Air Terjun Mine, Kota Tinggi, Johor. / Abd Rahim, Sahibin @ Sahibini; Lihan, Tukimat; Ali Rahman, Zulfahmi; Musta, Baba; Laming, Adong; Idris, Wan Mohd Razi; Gasim, Muhd Barzani; Awang, Siti Rahayu.

In: Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, No. 55, 11.2009, p. 27-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A study on physico-chemical characteristics and geochemical composition of soil from the former Air Terjun Mine, Kota Tinggi Johor was carried out. The mine was known to produce tin and iron until the end of 2001 when their operation ceased. A number of 15 topsoil (0 - 20 cm) samples were collected east way direction using 'Dutch Auger'. Sampling area represented five different kinds of land use that were forest area (S1), open area (S2), pond edge (S3), sand tailing (S4) and river sediment (S5). Three soil samples were collected to represent every type of land use. The soil samples were determined for their physico-chemical characteristics and geochemical compositions. Major element compositions of soils were dominated by SiO 2 followed by Fe 2O 3 and Al 2O 3. TiO 2 and MnO content were less than 4.11{\%} whereas K 2O and P 2O 5 content were less than 1{\%}. The range of concentration for heavy metal were 105-1066 g/g for Zr, 31-107 g/g for Pb, 149-723 ug/g for As, 23-319 ug/g for Zn, 15-586 ug/g for Cu, 5-15 g/g for Ni, 7-144 g/g for Co and 25-66 g/g for Cr. The organic matter content ranged from 1.63 to 2.41{\%}. Bulk density of some of the soil sample was high which indicates the presence of high density mineral. pH of the soil samples in the study area ranged from 3.81 to 5.20, thus acidic. The cation exchange capacity mean ranged from 1.19 to 5.41 cmol(+)/kg, whereas the electrical conductivity value ranged from 2.19 to 2.38 mS/cm.",
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AU - Musta, Baba

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