Physico-chemical and thermal properties of starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata)

J. Sahari, S. M. Sapuan, E. S. Zainudin, M. A. Maleque

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Petroleum based polymers are extremely stable and commonly used in various industries include food packaging, furniture and automotive. However, the waste that come from petroleum based polymer material has brought negative impact not only for human being, but also create the serious environmental problems. Hence, biopolymers that come from natural source such as starches are now being considered as an alternative to the existing petrochemical based polymers. This study was aimed to examine the potential of sugar palm starch extracted from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata) as a new biopolymer. The important properties of sugar palm starch studied were the chemical properties, thermal properties, particle size and morphological surface. The starches isolated from sugar palm tree contained comparable amounts of amylose (37.60 %) which were higher than tapioca, sago, potato, wheat and maize. The results showed significant differences in the chemical content as well as in the granule sizes of sugar palm starch. Thermal characteristic studies using thermogravimetry analysis and differential scanning calorimetry showed that sugar palm starch was thermally stable than other starches. Study on morphological surface indicated that sugar palm starch were rounded and oval-shaped.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)955-959
    Number of pages5
    JournalAsian Journal of Chemistry
    Volume26
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    Sugars
    Starch
    Chemical properties
    Thermodynamic properties
    Polymers
    Biopolymers
    Petroleum
    Amylose
    Petrochemicals
    Thermogravimetric analysis
    Differential scanning calorimetry
    Packaging
    Particle size
    Industry

    Keywords

    • Biopolymer
    • Chemical properties
    • Sugar palm starch
    • Thermal properties

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)

    Cite this

    Physico-chemical and thermal properties of starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata). / Sahari, J.; Sapuan, S. M.; Zainudin, E. S.; Maleque, M. A.

    In: Asian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2014, p. 955-959.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Sahari, J. ; Sapuan, S. M. ; Zainudin, E. S. ; Maleque, M. A. / Physico-chemical and thermal properties of starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata). In: Asian Journal of Chemistry. 2014 ; Vol. 26, No. 4. pp. 955-959.
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