Physical fitness and anthropometric characteristics in school children

A comparison of urban and rural areas in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia

Hanisah Azahari, Mohamad Razali Abdullah, Ahmad Bisyri Husin Musawi Maliki, Vijayamurugan Eswaramoorthi, Hafizan Juahir, Rabiu Muazu Musa, Mohd Khairi Zawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of the study is to compare physical fitness between urban and rural school children and to determine relationship between body mass index and physical fitness primary school children in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. This study is a cross-sectional study and conducted in primary schools. Anthropometric measurement involved weight and height measurement, and body mass index (BMI) calculation. Fitness test that were measured are power and flexibility. Power was measured by using Standing Broad Jump (SBJ), and flexibility test was measured using Sit and Reach Test (SRT). Total number of subjects were 14880, 71% (n=10532) were classified in normal BMI, and remaining 10% (n=1423) were in obesity; 9% (n=1303) were overweight, 8% (n=1164) were underweight; and 3% (n=458) were in severe thinness. In school area category, 59% (n=8769) rural school children and 41% (n=6111) urban school children. In conclusion, the current study found flexibility had shown a difference in area of school where urban school children performed slightly better than that of rural with F-value 2.09 (Pr>F= 0.15; p<0.05). It also showed a significant negative correlation between BMI and power (r=-0.12) with p-value was 0.0001. However, there was no significant difference in power with areas of school, and no correlation between flexibility and BMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-623
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Physical Fitness
Malaysia
Body Mass Index
Thinness
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Fitness
  • Flexibility
  • Power
  • Primary school children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Physical fitness and anthropometric characteristics in school children : A comparison of urban and rural areas in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. / Azahari, Hanisah; Abdullah, Mohamad Razali; Husin Musawi Maliki, Ahmad Bisyri; Eswaramoorthi, Vijayamurugan; Juahir, Hafizan; Musa, Rabiu Muazu; Zawi, Mohd Khairi.

In: Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 619-623.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Azahari, Hanisah ; Abdullah, Mohamad Razali ; Husin Musawi Maliki, Ahmad Bisyri ; Eswaramoorthi, Vijayamurugan ; Juahir, Hafizan ; Musa, Rabiu Muazu ; Zawi, Mohd Khairi. / Physical fitness and anthropometric characteristics in school children : A comparison of urban and rural areas in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. In: Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 619-623.
@article{9c4ea87e6c7143a3ba5b44d66055458e,
title = "Physical fitness and anthropometric characteristics in school children: A comparison of urban and rural areas in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia",
abstract = "The objective of the study is to compare physical fitness between urban and rural school children and to determine relationship between body mass index and physical fitness primary school children in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. This study is a cross-sectional study and conducted in primary schools. Anthropometric measurement involved weight and height measurement, and body mass index (BMI) calculation. Fitness test that were measured are power and flexibility. Power was measured by using Standing Broad Jump (SBJ), and flexibility test was measured using Sit and Reach Test (SRT). Total number of subjects were 14880, 71{\%} (n=10532) were classified in normal BMI, and remaining 10{\%} (n=1423) were in obesity; 9{\%} (n=1303) were overweight, 8{\%} (n=1164) were underweight; and 3{\%} (n=458) were in severe thinness. In school area category, 59{\%} (n=8769) rural school children and 41{\%} (n=6111) urban school children. In conclusion, the current study found flexibility had shown a difference in area of school where urban school children performed slightly better than that of rural with F-value 2.09 (Pr>F= 0.15; p<0.05). It also showed a significant negative correlation between BMI and power (r=-0.12) with p-value was 0.0001. However, there was no significant difference in power with areas of school, and no correlation between flexibility and BMI.",
keywords = "Body mass index, Fitness, Flexibility, Power, Primary school children",
author = "Hanisah Azahari and Abdullah, {Mohamad Razali} and {Husin Musawi Maliki}, {Ahmad Bisyri} and Vijayamurugan Eswaramoorthi and Hafizan Juahir and Musa, {Rabiu Muazu} and Zawi, {Mohd Khairi}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00570.9",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "619--623",
journal = "Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development",
issn = "0976-0245",
publisher = "R.K. Sharma, Institute of Medico-Legal Publications",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical fitness and anthropometric characteristics in school children

T2 - A comparison of urban and rural areas in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia

AU - Azahari, Hanisah

AU - Abdullah, Mohamad Razali

AU - Husin Musawi Maliki, Ahmad Bisyri

AU - Eswaramoorthi, Vijayamurugan

AU - Juahir, Hafizan

AU - Musa, Rabiu Muazu

AU - Zawi, Mohd Khairi

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - The objective of the study is to compare physical fitness between urban and rural school children and to determine relationship between body mass index and physical fitness primary school children in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. This study is a cross-sectional study and conducted in primary schools. Anthropometric measurement involved weight and height measurement, and body mass index (BMI) calculation. Fitness test that were measured are power and flexibility. Power was measured by using Standing Broad Jump (SBJ), and flexibility test was measured using Sit and Reach Test (SRT). Total number of subjects were 14880, 71% (n=10532) were classified in normal BMI, and remaining 10% (n=1423) were in obesity; 9% (n=1303) were overweight, 8% (n=1164) were underweight; and 3% (n=458) were in severe thinness. In school area category, 59% (n=8769) rural school children and 41% (n=6111) urban school children. In conclusion, the current study found flexibility had shown a difference in area of school where urban school children performed slightly better than that of rural with F-value 2.09 (Pr>F= 0.15; p<0.05). It also showed a significant negative correlation between BMI and power (r=-0.12) with p-value was 0.0001. However, there was no significant difference in power with areas of school, and no correlation between flexibility and BMI.

AB - The objective of the study is to compare physical fitness between urban and rural school children and to determine relationship between body mass index and physical fitness primary school children in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. This study is a cross-sectional study and conducted in primary schools. Anthropometric measurement involved weight and height measurement, and body mass index (BMI) calculation. Fitness test that were measured are power and flexibility. Power was measured by using Standing Broad Jump (SBJ), and flexibility test was measured using Sit and Reach Test (SRT). Total number of subjects were 14880, 71% (n=10532) were classified in normal BMI, and remaining 10% (n=1423) were in obesity; 9% (n=1303) were overweight, 8% (n=1164) were underweight; and 3% (n=458) were in severe thinness. In school area category, 59% (n=8769) rural school children and 41% (n=6111) urban school children. In conclusion, the current study found flexibility had shown a difference in area of school where urban school children performed slightly better than that of rural with F-value 2.09 (Pr>F= 0.15; p<0.05). It also showed a significant negative correlation between BMI and power (r=-0.12) with p-value was 0.0001. However, there was no significant difference in power with areas of school, and no correlation between flexibility and BMI.

KW - Body mass index

KW - Fitness

KW - Flexibility

KW - Power

KW - Primary school children

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063634089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85063634089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00570.9

DO - 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00570.9

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 619

EP - 623

JO - Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development

JF - Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development

SN - 0976-0245

IS - 3

ER -