Physical dispersion of nanocarbons in composites – A review

Jamal M.A. Alsharef, Mohd. Raihan Taha, Tanveer Ahmed Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, nanocarbons (carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs)) have been used efficiently in numerous research works to significantly enhance the mechanical properties of composites. With their amazing mechanical properties and exceptionally high aspect ratios, nanocarbons (NCs) are seen as one of the most beneficial nanomaterials for nano-reinforcement. The dispersion of NCs is one of the key factors that strongly influence the properties of nanocomposites. Several researches have been carried out with chemical agents to achieve a consistent dispersal of carbon nanomaterials in water, although, if the process is uncontrolled, it can shorten or damage the NCs or even dissolve them, and this can have a negative effect on the composites as well. Therefore, if NCs are to be used as reinforcement for composites, physical methods have to be employed to disperse the NCs before they can be mixed into the composites. This paper presents an overview of the different types of NCs, their different uses and the research conducted for the dispersion of NCs by chemical and physical methods. Furthermore, a summary is given of the measurement and characterization of the dispersibility of NCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-81
Number of pages13
JournalJurnal Teknologi
Volume79
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Fingerprint

Composite materials
Nanostructured materials
Reinforcement
Mechanical properties
Carbon nanofibers
Aspect ratio
Carbon nanotubes
Nanocomposites
Carbon
Water

Keywords

  • Fibres
  • Microstructures
  • Nanocarbon tubes
  • Physical dispersion
  • Ultrasonic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Physical dispersion of nanocarbons in composites – A review. / Alsharef, Jamal M.A.; Taha, Mohd. Raihan; Khan, Tanveer Ahmed.

In: Jurnal Teknologi, Vol. 79, No. 5, 01.07.2017, p. 69-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Alsharef, Jamal M.A. ; Taha, Mohd. Raihan ; Khan, Tanveer Ahmed. / Physical dispersion of nanocarbons in composites – A review. In: Jurnal Teknologi. 2017 ; Vol. 79, No. 5. pp. 69-81.
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