Physical and structural properties of polyaniline/microcrystalline cellulose nanocomposite

Mahnaz M. Abdi, Rawaida Liyana, Paridah Md Tahir, Yook Heng Lee, Yusran Sulaiman, Nur Farhana Waheeda, Nabihah Abu Hassan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A composite of Polyaniline/Microcrystalline Cellulose (PAni/MCC) was prepared via a chemical polymerization method in the presence of ammonium persulfate (NH4)2S2O8 as oxidant and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a cationic surfactant. The results of FESEM showed that the morphology of nanocomposite depends on the monomer concentration. Wire-like and porous nanostructure was observed for PAni/MCC/CTAB composite that could be suitable for enzyme immobilization and sensor applications. The electrochemical properties of the composites were studied using Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) and it was shown that PAni/MCC/CTAB composite generated a higher current response compared to the pure PAni. The synergy effect of MCC and CTAB on the physical and electrochemical properties of composite resulted in higher electron transferring in PAni/MCC/CTAB. The presence of significant peaks of PAni and MCC in FT-IR spectrum of nanocomposite indicating polymerization of aniline on the surface of MCC. Characteristic peaks of crystalline cellulose were observed at 22.8 and 14.7 2theta in XRD pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials for Sustainability and Growth
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, 3rd AMC 2016
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1901
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415898
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2017
Event3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, AMC 2016 - Langkawi Island, Kedah, Malaysia
Duration: 28 Nov 201629 Nov 2016

Other

Other3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, AMC 2016
CountryMalaysia
CityLangkawi Island, Kedah
Period28/11/1629/11/16

Fingerprint

cellulose
bromides
nanocomposites
physical properties
composite materials
polymerization
aniline
immobilization
high current
enzymes
monomers
surfactants
wire
sensors
electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Abdi, M. M., Liyana, R., Tahir, P. M., Lee, Y. H., Sulaiman, Y., Waheeda, N. F., & Hassan, N. A. (2017). Physical and structural properties of polyaniline/microcrystalline cellulose nanocomposite. In Advanced Materials for Sustainability and Growth: Proceedings of the 3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, 3rd AMC 2016 (Vol. 1901). [100018] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5010540

Physical and structural properties of polyaniline/microcrystalline cellulose nanocomposite. / Abdi, Mahnaz M.; Liyana, Rawaida; Tahir, Paridah Md; Lee, Yook Heng; Sulaiman, Yusran; Waheeda, Nur Farhana; Hassan, Nabihah Abu.

Advanced Materials for Sustainability and Growth: Proceedings of the 3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, 3rd AMC 2016. Vol. 1901 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. 100018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abdi, MM, Liyana, R, Tahir, PM, Lee, YH, Sulaiman, Y, Waheeda, NF & Hassan, NA 2017, Physical and structural properties of polyaniline/microcrystalline cellulose nanocomposite. in Advanced Materials for Sustainability and Growth: Proceedings of the 3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, 3rd AMC 2016. vol. 1901, 100018, American Institute of Physics Inc., 3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, AMC 2016, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Malaysia, 28/11/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5010540
Abdi MM, Liyana R, Tahir PM, Lee YH, Sulaiman Y, Waheeda NF et al. Physical and structural properties of polyaniline/microcrystalline cellulose nanocomposite. In Advanced Materials for Sustainability and Growth: Proceedings of the 3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, 3rd AMC 2016. Vol. 1901. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2017. 100018 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5010540
Abdi, Mahnaz M. ; Liyana, Rawaida ; Tahir, Paridah Md ; Lee, Yook Heng ; Sulaiman, Yusran ; Waheeda, Nur Farhana ; Hassan, Nabihah Abu. / Physical and structural properties of polyaniline/microcrystalline cellulose nanocomposite. Advanced Materials for Sustainability and Growth: Proceedings of the 3rd Advanced Materials Conference 2016, 3rd AMC 2016. Vol. 1901 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017.
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AU - Waheeda, Nur Farhana

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