Physical and mechanical properties of high performance concrete with alum sludge as partial cement replacement

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alum sludge (AS) is a by-product of water treatment plants that use aluminum salts as a primary coagulant, and is the most widely generated water treatment residual/sludge worldwide. It usually contains colloidal alum hydroxides that are often amorphous species. The present paper examines the influence of AS powder as partial Portland cement type I replacement on the mechanical properties of high-performance concrete (HPC). AS with 90% fineness was passed through a 45 μm sieve (No. 325).The present study used a concrete mix with a fixed water/binder ratio of 0.33 and a constant total binder content of 483 kg/m3.The percentages of the alum sludge by weight of cement were: 0%, 6%, 9%, 12%, and 15%. Slump tests were performed on fresh concrete to measure workability. The mechanical properties, dry densities, compressive strengths, and splitting tensile strengths of the concrete samples were investigated at 3, 7, and 28 days, whereas flexural strength was monitored at the age 28 days. Specimens without AS were compared with those that contained AS. The results revealed that the workability of the concrete consistently increased as the amount of cement replaced with AS increased. It was found that the concrete with 6% AS cement replacement demonstrated improved compressive strength and splitting tensile strength at all ages, compared with the control concrete.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-112
Number of pages8
JournalJurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering)
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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High performance concrete
Cements
Physical properties
Concretes
Mechanical properties
Compressive strength
Binders
Tensile strength
Water treatment plants
Sieves
Concrete mixtures
Portland cement
Water treatment
Bending strength
Byproducts
Salts
Aluminum
Powders
Water

Keywords

  • Alum sludge
  • Compressive strength
  • Dry density
  • Flexural strength
  • High-performance concrete
  • Splitting tensile strength
  • Workability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Physical and mechanical properties of high performance concrete with alum sludge as partial cement replacement",
abstract = "Alum sludge (AS) is a by-product of water treatment plants that use aluminum salts as a primary coagulant, and is the most widely generated water treatment residual/sludge worldwide. It usually contains colloidal alum hydroxides that are often amorphous species. The present paper examines the influence of AS powder as partial Portland cement type I replacement on the mechanical properties of high-performance concrete (HPC). AS with 90{\%} fineness was passed through a 45 μm sieve (No. 325).The present study used a concrete mix with a fixed water/binder ratio of 0.33 and a constant total binder content of 483 kg/m3.The percentages of the alum sludge by weight of cement were: 0{\%}, 6{\%}, 9{\%}, 12{\%}, and 15{\%}. Slump tests were performed on fresh concrete to measure workability. The mechanical properties, dry densities, compressive strengths, and splitting tensile strengths of the concrete samples were investigated at 3, 7, and 28 days, whereas flexural strength was monitored at the age 28 days. Specimens without AS were compared with those that contained AS. The results revealed that the workability of the concrete consistently increased as the amount of cement replaced with AS increased. It was found that the concrete with 6{\%} AS cement replacement demonstrated improved compressive strength and splitting tensile strength at all ages, compared with the control concrete.",
keywords = "Alum sludge, Compressive strength, Dry density, Flexural strength, High-performance concrete, Splitting tensile strength, Workability",
author = "{Mohammed Owaid}, Haider and Roszilah Hamid and {Sheikh Abdullah}, {Siti Rozaimah} and {Tan Kofli}, Noorhisham and Taha, {Mohd. Raihan}",
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AU - Mohammed Owaid, Haider

AU - Hamid, Roszilah

AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

AU - Tan Kofli, Noorhisham

AU - Taha, Mohd. Raihan

PY - 2013

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N2 - Alum sludge (AS) is a by-product of water treatment plants that use aluminum salts as a primary coagulant, and is the most widely generated water treatment residual/sludge worldwide. It usually contains colloidal alum hydroxides that are often amorphous species. The present paper examines the influence of AS powder as partial Portland cement type I replacement on the mechanical properties of high-performance concrete (HPC). AS with 90% fineness was passed through a 45 μm sieve (No. 325).The present study used a concrete mix with a fixed water/binder ratio of 0.33 and a constant total binder content of 483 kg/m3.The percentages of the alum sludge by weight of cement were: 0%, 6%, 9%, 12%, and 15%. Slump tests were performed on fresh concrete to measure workability. The mechanical properties, dry densities, compressive strengths, and splitting tensile strengths of the concrete samples were investigated at 3, 7, and 28 days, whereas flexural strength was monitored at the age 28 days. Specimens without AS were compared with those that contained AS. The results revealed that the workability of the concrete consistently increased as the amount of cement replaced with AS increased. It was found that the concrete with 6% AS cement replacement demonstrated improved compressive strength and splitting tensile strength at all ages, compared with the control concrete.

AB - Alum sludge (AS) is a by-product of water treatment plants that use aluminum salts as a primary coagulant, and is the most widely generated water treatment residual/sludge worldwide. It usually contains colloidal alum hydroxides that are often amorphous species. The present paper examines the influence of AS powder as partial Portland cement type I replacement on the mechanical properties of high-performance concrete (HPC). AS with 90% fineness was passed through a 45 μm sieve (No. 325).The present study used a concrete mix with a fixed water/binder ratio of 0.33 and a constant total binder content of 483 kg/m3.The percentages of the alum sludge by weight of cement were: 0%, 6%, 9%, 12%, and 15%. Slump tests were performed on fresh concrete to measure workability. The mechanical properties, dry densities, compressive strengths, and splitting tensile strengths of the concrete samples were investigated at 3, 7, and 28 days, whereas flexural strength was monitored at the age 28 days. Specimens without AS were compared with those that contained AS. The results revealed that the workability of the concrete consistently increased as the amount of cement replaced with AS increased. It was found that the concrete with 6% AS cement replacement demonstrated improved compressive strength and splitting tensile strength at all ages, compared with the control concrete.

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