Physical and chemical properties of different morphological parts of sugar palm fibres

J. Sahari, S. M. Sapuan, Z. N. Ismarrubie, M. Z A Rahman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    31 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Recently, due to increased environmental concerns, scientists and technologists have placed great importance on the application of natural fibres, especially in biocomposites. The sugar palm tree is one of the most popular natural fibres used in engineering applications. A study on the fundamental properties of fibres from different morphological parts of the sugar palm plant, which are bunch, black sugar palm fibre, locally known as ijuk, trunk and frond was carried out in order to evaluate their potential as eventual raw materials for reinforced polymer composites. From this study, it wasd found that sugar palm frond (SPF) gives the highest tensile strength compared to the other parts, which is 421.4 N/mm2. The tensile strength for sugar palm bunch (SPB), ijuk and sugar palm trunk (SPT) is 365.1, 276.6 and 198.3 N/mm2, respectively. These results have been proven using those for their chemical compositions, where the highest cellulose content was obtained from SPF (66.5%), followed by SPB (61.8%), ijuk (52.3%), and SPT (40.6%). For water absorption testing, it was found that SPF also gave the highest percentage - 132.8%, followed by SPB, ijuk and SPT. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy was used in order to detect the presence of functional groups existing in sugar palm fibre.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)21-24
    Number of pages4
    JournalFibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe
    Volume91
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Sugars
    Chemical properties
    chemical property
    sugar
    Physical properties
    physical property
    Fibers
    Natural fibers
    tensile strength
    fibre
    Fiber
    Tensile strength
    Water absorption
    FTIR spectroscopy
    Cellulose
    Functional groups
    functional group
    Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
    cellulose
    Raw materials

    Keywords

    • Bunch
    • Frond
    • Ijuk
    • Sugar palm
    • Tensile properties
    • Trunk

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Business and International Management
    • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
    • Environmental Science(all)
    • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Sahari, J., Sapuan, S. M., Ismarrubie, Z. N., & Rahman, M. Z. A. (2012). Physical and chemical properties of different morphological parts of sugar palm fibres. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, 91(2), 21-24.

    Physical and chemical properties of different morphological parts of sugar palm fibres. / Sahari, J.; Sapuan, S. M.; Ismarrubie, Z. N.; Rahman, M. Z A.

    In: Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, Vol. 91, No. 2, 2012, p. 21-24.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Sahari, J, Sapuan, SM, Ismarrubie, ZN & Rahman, MZA 2012, 'Physical and chemical properties of different morphological parts of sugar palm fibres', Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 21-24.
    Sahari, J. ; Sapuan, S. M. ; Ismarrubie, Z. N. ; Rahman, M. Z A. / Physical and chemical properties of different morphological parts of sugar palm fibres. In: Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe. 2012 ; Vol. 91, No. 2. pp. 21-24.
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