Physical Activity, Fitness and the Energy Cost of Activities. Implications for Obesity in Children and Adolescents in the Tropics.

Xiao Chuan Lau, Kar Hau Chong, Bee Koon Poh, Mohd Noor Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tropics cover a large section of the world in which both developed and developing countries are situated. Rapid socioeconomic development, modernization, urbanization, and globalization have affected both the food market and physical activity (PA), which in turn have propelled the obesity epidemic in the tropics. There is growing concern that overweight and obesity are emerging as major health problems among children and adolescents in the tropics, despite the fact that undernutrition still exists in many of these countries. Physical inactivity, a low metabolic rate, and lack of physical fitness (PF) have been linked to overweight and obesity. Moreover, PF in several tropical countries is declining, and these changes may be a threat to future health, as low PA and PF levels are important risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Previous studies have reported that the relationships among PA, PF, overweight, and obesity are inconsistent and inconclusive. There is no indication that variances in the energy cost of physical activities lead to obesity. Despite a lack of definite evidence to prove a causal relationship, there is enough certainty that physical inactivity and low fitness levels are linked to overweight and obesity. Hence, people living in tropical countries need to be encouraged to lead a healthier lifestyle by increasing their PA levels and reducing sedentary behaviors to prevent overweight or obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-101
Number of pages53
JournalAdvances in Food and Nutrition Research
Volume70
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

energy cost of activities
Physical Fitness
childhood obesity
Pediatric Obesity
physical activity
tropics
obesity
physical fitness
Obesity
Exercise
Costs and Cost Analysis
socioeconomic development
Urbanization
Internationality
modernization
globalization
Health
energy costs
Social Change
chronic diseases

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Children
  • Energy cost
  • Energy expenditure
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Physical activity
  • Physical fitness
  • Tropics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Physical Activity, Fitness and the Energy Cost of Activities. Implications for Obesity in Children and Adolescents in the Tropics. / Lau, Xiao Chuan; Chong, Kar Hau; Poh, Bee Koon; Ismail, Mohd Noor.

In: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Vol. 70, 2013, p. 49-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2db0ea79067a45008fd895c59f38c91d,
title = "Physical Activity, Fitness and the Energy Cost of Activities. Implications for Obesity in Children and Adolescents in the Tropics.",
abstract = "The tropics cover a large section of the world in which both developed and developing countries are situated. Rapid socioeconomic development, modernization, urbanization, and globalization have affected both the food market and physical activity (PA), which in turn have propelled the obesity epidemic in the tropics. There is growing concern that overweight and obesity are emerging as major health problems among children and adolescents in the tropics, despite the fact that undernutrition still exists in many of these countries. Physical inactivity, a low metabolic rate, and lack of physical fitness (PF) have been linked to overweight and obesity. Moreover, PF in several tropical countries is declining, and these changes may be a threat to future health, as low PA and PF levels are important risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Previous studies have reported that the relationships among PA, PF, overweight, and obesity are inconsistent and inconclusive. There is no indication that variances in the energy cost of physical activities lead to obesity. Despite a lack of definite evidence to prove a causal relationship, there is enough certainty that physical inactivity and low fitness levels are linked to overweight and obesity. Hence, people living in tropical countries need to be encouraged to lead a healthier lifestyle by increasing their PA levels and reducing sedentary behaviors to prevent overweight or obesity.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Children, Energy cost, Energy expenditure, Obesity, Overweight, Physical activity, Physical fitness, Tropics",
author = "Lau, {Xiao Chuan} and Chong, {Kar Hau} and Poh, {Bee Koon} and Ismail, {Mohd Noor}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-12-416555-7.00002-3",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "49--101",
journal = "Advances in Food and Nutrition Research",
issn = "1043-4526",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical Activity, Fitness and the Energy Cost of Activities. Implications for Obesity in Children and Adolescents in the Tropics.

AU - Lau, Xiao Chuan

AU - Chong, Kar Hau

AU - Poh, Bee Koon

AU - Ismail, Mohd Noor

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The tropics cover a large section of the world in which both developed and developing countries are situated. Rapid socioeconomic development, modernization, urbanization, and globalization have affected both the food market and physical activity (PA), which in turn have propelled the obesity epidemic in the tropics. There is growing concern that overweight and obesity are emerging as major health problems among children and adolescents in the tropics, despite the fact that undernutrition still exists in many of these countries. Physical inactivity, a low metabolic rate, and lack of physical fitness (PF) have been linked to overweight and obesity. Moreover, PF in several tropical countries is declining, and these changes may be a threat to future health, as low PA and PF levels are important risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Previous studies have reported that the relationships among PA, PF, overweight, and obesity are inconsistent and inconclusive. There is no indication that variances in the energy cost of physical activities lead to obesity. Despite a lack of definite evidence to prove a causal relationship, there is enough certainty that physical inactivity and low fitness levels are linked to overweight and obesity. Hence, people living in tropical countries need to be encouraged to lead a healthier lifestyle by increasing their PA levels and reducing sedentary behaviors to prevent overweight or obesity.

AB - The tropics cover a large section of the world in which both developed and developing countries are situated. Rapid socioeconomic development, modernization, urbanization, and globalization have affected both the food market and physical activity (PA), which in turn have propelled the obesity epidemic in the tropics. There is growing concern that overweight and obesity are emerging as major health problems among children and adolescents in the tropics, despite the fact that undernutrition still exists in many of these countries. Physical inactivity, a low metabolic rate, and lack of physical fitness (PF) have been linked to overweight and obesity. Moreover, PF in several tropical countries is declining, and these changes may be a threat to future health, as low PA and PF levels are important risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Previous studies have reported that the relationships among PA, PF, overweight, and obesity are inconsistent and inconclusive. There is no indication that variances in the energy cost of physical activities lead to obesity. Despite a lack of definite evidence to prove a causal relationship, there is enough certainty that physical inactivity and low fitness levels are linked to overweight and obesity. Hence, people living in tropical countries need to be encouraged to lead a healthier lifestyle by increasing their PA levels and reducing sedentary behaviors to prevent overweight or obesity.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Children

KW - Energy cost

KW - Energy expenditure

KW - Obesity

KW - Overweight

KW - Physical activity

KW - Physical fitness

KW - Tropics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878237990&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84878237990&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-12-416555-7.00002-3

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-12-416555-7.00002-3

M3 - Article

VL - 70

SP - 49

EP - 101

JO - Advances in Food and Nutrition Research

JF - Advances in Food and Nutrition Research

SN - 1043-4526

ER -