Physical activity, aerobic fitness and body composition among students in Malaysia and Libya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to compare the physical activity (PA), exercise time and Body Composition, Body Mass Index (BMI), % Body fat (%BF) and aerobic fitness (VO2max) among students in the Faculty of Education UKM Malaysia and Faculty of Education Sabha University Libya (SUL). Respondents drawn from both faculties of education of the two institutions were of average age between 18-25 years. Four-site skinfold thicknesses and Queen's College Step Test (QCT) were used to determine the percentage body fat (%BF) and aerobic fitness (VO2max) respectively. Physical activity pattern and health status were also assessed by means of the seven days activity of self-reported questionnaire. The study showed a significant difference in terms of moderate (8.59 hrs/wk, 7.48 hrs/wk; t=-3.3, p=.001) and vigorous (4.3 hrs/wk, 6.3 hrs/wk; (t= -7.7, p=.000) time spent in exercising. This also similar with scores for BMI (SUL: m = 22.2; UKM: m = 24.4) and %BF (SUL: m = 13.6%; UKM: m = 16.3%) among students of both SUL (Libya) and UKM (Malaysia). However, analyses revealed that there was no significant difference in VO2max between student-teachers of SUL and UKM (t= -.99, p =.324). This study concludes that participants score an above average of 44 ml.kg -1.min -1 that are considered as being in good fitness and good health. Although SUL students scored lower BMI and less %BF than participants from UKM who reported engaging more time in vigorous physical activity, SUL participants spent significant time in moderate exercises. Lifestyle among student-teachers of UKM Malaysia and SUL Libya did not differ in terms of aerobic fitness but showed significant influence of moderate exercises towards BMI and %BF as for Libyan participants spent more time in moderate activities like walking and gardening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-175
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Social Science
Volume9
Issue number16 SPL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Libya
fitness
Malaysia
student
student teacher
Fitness
Physical activity
Physical Activity
Body mass index
university education
health status
Exercise
education
time

Keywords

  • % Body fat
  • Aerobic fitness (VO)
  • BMI
  • Exercise
  • Health
  • Physical activity (PA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

Physical activity, aerobic fitness and body composition among students in Malaysia and Libya. / Abdul Razak, Mohd. Radzani; Maizi, Ibrahim Elsalhin; Muhamad, Tajul Arifin.

In: Asian Social Science, Vol. 9, No. 16 SPL, 28.11.2013, p. 168-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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