Phylogenetic relationships of five Oriental Apanteles species-groups (Hymenoptera

Braconidae: Microgastrinae) by concatenating four molecular markers

Ameyra Aman-Zuki, Muhamad Azmi Mohammed, Badrul Munir Md. Zain, Salmah Yaakop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Genus Apanteles is a cosmopolitan and largest genus in Microgastrinae that can be set as chief example of the subfamily to be studied for. However, highly similar morphological characters intraspecifically lead to difficulty in identifying this genus. In this study, 25 individuals of Apanteles were identified morphologically and molecularly by using error rates approach of barcoding analysis. The phylogenetic of the Apanteles that consisted of five species-groups were studied together with their molecular time divergences by using four molecular markers i.e., COI, 16S, 28S and Cyt B. The species groups are mycetophilus, ultor, merula, merope and ater. The phylogenetic analyses show that each species groups were monophyletic with formation of sister clad for merula and merope-group. The phylogenetic analyses of Apanteles species-group were well resolved and supported by their morphological and taxonomical status. This study is a first record on the phylogenetic of five Oriental Apanteles species-group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-352
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

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Apanteles
Braconidae
Hymenoptera
genetic markers
phylogeny
barcoding

Keywords

  • Apanteles
  • COI – 16S – 28S
  • Cyt B
  • Phylogenetic – time divergence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Genus Apanteles is a cosmopolitan and largest genus in Microgastrinae that can be set as chief example of the subfamily to be studied for. However, highly similar morphological characters intraspecifically lead to difficulty in identifying this genus. In this study, 25 individuals of Apanteles were identified morphologically and molecularly by using error rates approach of barcoding analysis. The phylogenetic of the Apanteles that consisted of five species-groups were studied together with their molecular time divergences by using four molecular markers i.e., COI, 16S, 28S and Cyt B. The species groups are mycetophilus, ultor, merula, merope and ater. The phylogenetic analyses show that each species groups were monophyletic with formation of sister clad for merula and merope-group. The phylogenetic analyses of Apanteles species-group were well resolved and supported by their morphological and taxonomical status. This study is a first record on the phylogenetic of five Oriental Apanteles species-group.",
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