Phycoremediation in anaerobically digested Palm Oil Mill Effluent using cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis

Afifi Zainal, Zahira Yaakob, Mohd Sobri Takriff, Renganathan Rajkumar, Jaharah A Ghani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Applying the zero-waste concepts whereby an anaerobic digested Palm Oil Mill Effluent was used as the medium for the cultivation of cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis. Effluent was obtained from Sime Darby East Oil Mill, Carey Island, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. The experiments were performed on the orbital shaker (100 rpm) at 28±1 °C in thermostatically controlled room, illuminated with cool fluorescent lamps at irradiance of 30 μEm -2 s-1, under 12 h/12 h light/dark photo period for 20 days. From this study, Spirulina platensis able to reduced 90% of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) level from initial concentration. The microalgae growth in POME was analyzed by dry weight of algae biomass method. Ammoniacal-Nitrogen and Total Phosphorus removal efficiency was 87% and 80% with specific growth rates 0.1027 g·L-1·day-1. Existence of metabolites, heavy metal and trace elements were analyzed as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-709
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Fingerprint

Spirulina
Palm oil
Effluents
Fluorescent lamps
Chemical oxygen demand
Trace Elements
Algae
Metabolites
Heavy Metals
Trace elements
Phosphorus
Heavy metals
Oils
Biomass
Nitrogen
Experiments
palm oil
Cyanobacteria

Keywords

  • Microalgae
  • Palm oil mill effluent (POME)
  • Phycoremediation
  • Spirulina platensis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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title = "Phycoremediation in anaerobically digested Palm Oil Mill Effluent using cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis",
abstract = "Applying the zero-waste concepts whereby an anaerobic digested Palm Oil Mill Effluent was used as the medium for the cultivation of cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis. Effluent was obtained from Sime Darby East Oil Mill, Carey Island, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. The experiments were performed on the orbital shaker (100 rpm) at 28±1 °C in thermostatically controlled room, illuminated with cool fluorescent lamps at irradiance of 30 μEm -2 s-1, under 12 h/12 h light/dark photo period for 20 days. From this study, Spirulina platensis able to reduced 90{\%} of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) level from initial concentration. The microalgae growth in POME was analyzed by dry weight of algae biomass method. Ammoniacal-Nitrogen and Total Phosphorus removal efficiency was 87{\%} and 80{\%} with specific growth rates 0.1027 g·L-1·day-1. Existence of metabolites, heavy metal and trace elements were analyzed as well.",
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author = "Afifi Zainal and Zahira Yaakob and Takriff, {Mohd Sobri} and Renganathan Rajkumar and {A Ghani}, Jaharah",
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AU - Zainal, Afifi

AU - Yaakob, Zahira

AU - Takriff, Mohd Sobri

AU - Rajkumar, Renganathan

AU - A Ghani, Jaharah

PY - 2012/12

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AB - Applying the zero-waste concepts whereby an anaerobic digested Palm Oil Mill Effluent was used as the medium for the cultivation of cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis. Effluent was obtained from Sime Darby East Oil Mill, Carey Island, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. The experiments were performed on the orbital shaker (100 rpm) at 28±1 °C in thermostatically controlled room, illuminated with cool fluorescent lamps at irradiance of 30 μEm -2 s-1, under 12 h/12 h light/dark photo period for 20 days. From this study, Spirulina platensis able to reduced 90% of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) level from initial concentration. The microalgae growth in POME was analyzed by dry weight of algae biomass method. Ammoniacal-Nitrogen and Total Phosphorus removal efficiency was 87% and 80% with specific growth rates 0.1027 g·L-1·day-1. Existence of metabolites, heavy metal and trace elements were analyzed as well.

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