Philosophy in Islam: A brief survey

Mohd Nasir Omar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The term Philosophy (falsafah) does not occur either in the Qur'an or the Sunnah. However, the word al-hikmah which appears in several places in the Qur'an and the Sunnah has been identified with Philosophy by most schools of thought in Islam. Most of the great Muslim philosophers including such men as Al-Kindi (d.874), Al-Razi (d.825), Al-Farabi (d.850), Miskawayh (d. 1030), Ibn Sina (d.1037) andlbnRushd (d.l 198) have also identified Philosophy with al-hikmah and thereby the philosophers with al-hukama'. Al-hikmah appears in various Qur'anic verses, of which the most often cited is, He granteth wisdom (hikmah) unto whom He will and he unto whom wisdom is granted, he truly hath received abundant good. But, none will receive admonition but men of understanding (al-Qur'an, 2:269). The term hikmah also appears in the Hadith literature in such saying as the acquisition of hikmah is incumbent upon thee, verily the good resides in hikmah. This study thus, seeks to make a critical survey of the meaning of Philosophy or al-hikmah as understood by the Muslims, especially the Muslim philosophers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)106-111
    Number of pages6
    JournalSocial Sciences (Pakistan)
    Volume8
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    Islam
    Muslim
    wisdom
    philosophy
    school

    Keywords

    • Al-falsafah
    • Al-hikmah
    • Malaysia
    • Muslim philosophers
    • Philosophy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Philosophy in Islam : A brief survey. / Omar, Mohd Nasir.

    In: Social Sciences (Pakistan), Vol. 8, No. 2, 2013, p. 106-111.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Omar, Mohd Nasir. / Philosophy in Islam : A brief survey. In: Social Sciences (Pakistan). 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 106-111.
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